Botswana (Republic of Botswana, Lefatshe la Botswana)
Exotic country in South Africa. In the south shares borders with South Africa, in western and northern part - with Namibia, in the northeast of Zambia, in the east by Zimbabwe, has no outlet to the sea. Geographically, 70% of the country is desert Kalahari. The country's capital and largest city is Gaborone. Among travellers the most popular are national parks and reserves of the country. Here tourist will have unique opportunity to see a variety of animals and birds, enjoy the exotic nature of the Kalahari Desert, the famous Okavango Delta, see the mystical hills Tsolido of the richest collection of rock art in southern Africa. Will also be interesting visiting the village of ancient tribe of Bushmen, who retained to the present day the ancient customs and culture, their previous way of life. Botswana is considered one of the safest tourist destinations on the African continent. Main types of tourism in Botswana - excursions, ecological, ethnographic tourism, watching wildlife and birds, photographing wildlife.
The location, grounds and landscape
The country is located in South Africa. Length of Botswana in the direction from north-east to south-south-west is 1,110 km from east-south-east to west-north-west - 960 km. The country shares borders in the south and south-east with South Africa (1840 km), in the north and west with Namibia (1360 km), in the northeast with Zambia (at a single point) and Zimbabwe (813 km). The total length of 4013 km of borders.
The country's territory is 581 730 km².
70% of Botswana located in the territory of a vast shallow drainage basins of the Kalahari. The average height of 800-1000 m, in the west - about 1200 m. The highest point is situated in the Tsodilo hills (1489 m), the lowest - in the vicinity of the confluence of the Limpopo and Shashe (513 m). Vast plateau with an average altitude of 1200 m, extending from the north of Kanye to the border with Zimbabwe, divides the country into two topographical area. Eastern region is a hilly area with predominantly shrubs and grass. To the west of the plateau lying swamps of the Okavango and Kalahari Desert.
Population: over 2 million 110 thousand people, of which 66.8% Tswana, Kalanga 14.8%, Ndebele 1.7%, 1.4% Herero, San (Bushmen) 1.3%, 1.3% of Afrikaners, other 12,7%.
Capital: Gaborone (with more than 225 thousand people).
Biggest cities: Gaborone, Francistown, Molepolole, Sebilj-Pikve, Maun.
Languages: English and Tswana.
Religion: approximately 70% of the population - Christians (Anglicans, Methodists and followers of Joint United Church of Southern Africa). Also presented Lutherans, Catholics, Mormons, Seventh Day Adventists, Jehovah's Witnesses, Baptists and other Christian denominations.
Time zone: GMT/UTC +2.
Calling code: +267.
Currency: Pula (BWP).
Credit card payment systems: Visa, MasterCard.