Ethiopia (oromo Itoophiyaa)
A country in East Africa, has no outlet to the sea. The name on Geez 'Ītyōṗṗyā (Ethiopia) dates back to the ancient Greek. Αἰθίοψ 'Ethiopian', which means "man with a baked blocks/tanned (in the sun) face". Despite the fact that Ethiopia is one of the poorest countries in the world, its cultural heritage and natural resources of a truly impressive. Here go many tourists who want to try some "exotic": go on a safari on jeeps to savannas, swarming African predators, or in river valleys, where about 2 million years ago the first people appeared, participate in the ritual dances of original Ethiopian tribes and touch facilities over the age of 2000 years. Basic kinds of tourism in the country - excursions, ecotourism, hiking, safaris, white water rafting.
The location, grounds and landscape
Ethiopia is located in East Africa. It occupies part of the so-called "Horn of Africa" (Somali peninsula). In the north Ethiopia borders with Eritrea, in the north-east - with Djibouti, in the east - with Somalia (and part of the boundary has not yet been demarcated), in the south - with Kenya, in the west - with Sudan. The state has no outlet to the sea.
The country's territory is 1 104 300 km².
Most of the country occupies the Ethiopia highlands with an average elevation of 1,700 meters. Highest point of the plateau and the entire country - Mount Ras Dashen (4623 m) - is located in the north-western part. The relief of the Ethiopian highlands presented dining hills that locals call "Amba". Plateau in the north-east to south-west crossing of the East African Rift Zone, which was formed at the junction of the lithospheric plates, and is an area of seismic activity. In the north-east of the Ethiopian highlands ends abruptly to the Danakil desert plain, which occupies the cavity Afar. Afar Depression contains the lowest point of the continent (116 m below sea level). In the west and south-east of the Ethiopian highlands more smoothly into the desert areas: Sudanese desert with an average altitude of 1000 m and the Ethio-Somali plateau.
Population: over 93 million people.
Capital: Addis Ababa (amh. አዲስ አበባ - "new flower", over 3 million people).
Biggest cities: Addis Ababa.
Languages: Amharic language, which belongs to the Semitic group of languages. In addition, are common 83 local languages, among which the most occurring - Tigrinya and Oromo. The most common foreign language is English.
Religion: about 50% of Ethiopians are adherents of the Ethiopian Orthodox Church. It is the only African country where the main religion is Christianity. Muslim (mostly Sunni) practice about 33% of believers, local African beliefs, mainly anemizm (belief in animacy of the nature) - 6%. Also living in the country Minorities Judaic and Hindu communities.
Time zone: UTC -3.
Calling code: +251.
Currency: Ethiopian Birr (ETB). 1 birr equal to 100 cents. In circulation are banknotes of 100, 50, 10, 5 and 1 Birr and coins of 50, 25, 10, 5 and 1 cent. 1.00 USD ≅ 18.95 ETB, 1.00 EUR ≅ 25.74 ETB.
Credit card payment systems: Better to take along for the ride US dollars they are accepted at many hotels, shops and restaurants. Non-cash payment services is underdeveloped.