Gambia - The Republic of The Gambia
A country in West Africa. It is the smallest state in the continental Africa. In the north, east and south borders with Senegal in the west has a small coastline the Atlantic Ocean. 18 February 1965 Gambia gained independence from the British Empire and joined the Commonwealth of Nations, who was in the organization prior to October 2, 2013. Foreign tourists are attracted by the opportunity to relax in comfortable hotels (more than 10) on the Atlantic coast, the richness of the avifauna and the cultural identity of indigenous peoples. Main types of tourism in the country - excursions, eco-tourism, beach tourism.
The location, grounds and landscape
The country is situated between 13 and 14 ° N in West Africa, has the form of a strip length of about 400 km, which extends on both sides of the Gambia River, the bandwidth mostly ranges from 24 to 28 km, at the mouth of the river - 45 km. In the east, north and south has a border with the Republic of Senegal, the total length of the border - 740 km. From the west washed by the Atlantic Ocean, the coastline - 80 kilometers. The country area is 11,000 square kilometers, of which 10,000 km² is land, 1000 square kilometers - on the water surface. Gambia also owns the continental shelf area of 4,000 km² and 200 mile exclusive economic zone of the coastal area of 10,500 km².
The country's territory is 10 380 km².
The whole territory of the country does not exceed the height of 60 m above sea level. More than 48% of Gambia does not exceed 20 m, with about 30% - not exceeding 10 m. Only 4% of the country - the territory of 50 to 60 m above sea level. Depending on the distance from the river country can be divided into three topographical regions: Lower Valley (4048 km², 39% of the country) - the grounds, located directly at the Gambia River and its tributaries. Poorly characterized by alluvial sedimentary formations, badly dried soils and abundant water supply. The territory of the lower valley undergoes regular seasonal flooding, which promotes the formation of seasonal wetlands (faro), width up to 2 km west of the island of McCarthy. Rough sandy plateau (57% of the country). The territory consists of sand hills and small valleys. Sandstone plateau (4% of the country). The eastern part of the country consists of low rocky sandstone hills, which generally are not cultivated and not covered with vegetation.
Population: more than 1 million 880 thousand people.
Capital: Banjul (over 34 thousand inhabitants).
Biggest cities: Banjul, Serekunda.
Languages: English is the official language. The population also speaks the local languages, the main ones: Mandinka, Fula, Wolof. Soninke.
Religion: Islam (mostly Sunni) professes 90% of the population, Christianity - about 9%, traditional beliefs - 1% (animalism, fetishism, ancestor worship, forces of nature, and others.).
Time zone: UTC +0.
Calling code: +220.
Currency: Dalasi (GMD), equal to 100 Boutout. Rates 1.00 USD ≅ 39.76 GMD, 1.00 EUR ≅ 54.02 GMD.
Credit card payment systems: traveler's checks can be exchanged at most banks (commission - up to 5%), credit cards Visa and MasterCard are accepted only in major banks and hotels.