Kenya (Republic of Kenya, Jamhuri ya Kenya)
Unique country in East Africa, a former British colony that gained independence in 1963. Kenya is a part of the Commonwealth of Nations. For today, this beatiful country is one of the fastest growing countries in Eastern Africa. One of the main sources of country's government income is tourism, because wilderness of Kenya attracts many tourists from all over the world. Here you can see a lion hunt antelope, hippos family swimming and the world's largest colony of pink flamingos. The huge territory of Kenya for more than 15 years is a national park, so any hunting is strictly prohibited. Fans of extreme relaxation come to do rock climbing on an extinct volcano Kenya. Basic kinds of tourism in the country - excursions, beach holidays, ecotourism, recreation (diving, hiking), safari.
The location, grounds and landscape
The state borders with Ethiopia in the north, Somalia in the east, Tanzania to the south-west, Uganda to the west and South Sudan to the north-west. From the south-east it is washed by the Indian Ocean and to the west - by Lake Victoria, coastline 536 km. Kenya area is 582,650 square kilometers, of which 11,230 square kilometers of water surface. Maximum length is 1131 km towards the south-south-east to north-west and 1,025 km - from east-northeast to west-southwest. Approximately centered on the country passes the equator.
The country's territory is 582 650 km².
Kenya is divided into the following geographical areas: the Lake Victoria Basin, East African Rift Valley and associated highlands, the eastern plateau, semi-arid and arid areas in the north and south coast. The largest lake - Victoria in the southern part of the country. The country is very rich in various minerals.
Population: more than 44 million people.
Capital: Nairobi, over 3.2 million inhabitants.
Biggest cities: Nairobi, Mombasa, Malindi.
Languages: Swahili and English, also are spread local languages.
Religion: Protestant 45%, Roman Catholic 33%, Muslim 10%, indigenous cults 10%, other 2%.
Time zone: GMT/UTC +3.
Calling code: +254 (+005 from Tanzania and Uganda).
Currency: Kenyan Shilling. 1 Kenyan Shilling is equal to 100 cents. Banknotes in circulation are in denominations of 50, 100, 200, 500 and 1000 shillings and coins of 1, 5, 10 and 20 shillings and 5, 10 and 50 cents. Rates 1.00 USD ≅ 87.00 KES, 1.00 EUR ≅ 118.20 KES.
Credit card payment systems: Visa, MasterCard. Traveler's checks can be cashed in banks. To avoid extra charges for the exchange travelers checks, it is best to buy them in dollars and pounds sterling.