Mali (République du Mali)
Country in West Africa, that has no outlet to the sea. Borders in the west with Senegal, in the north - with Mauritania and Algeria, in the east - with Niger, in the south-east - Burkina Faso, in the south - with Côte d'Ivoire and Guinea. Today, Mali is one of the poorest countries in the world that still has a long and rather illustrious past, because for many centuries it has been an integral part of the great African empires - Ghana, Songhai and Mandinka.
Mali - is the location of some of the most interesting cultural and historical sites of the entire African continent. Its here the legendary Timbuktu is located, and in the center of the country - a great rock massif Bandiagara, home of the mysterious culture of the Dogon, Main types of tourism in the country - excursions, eco-tourism.
The location, grounds and landscape
Republic is located in West Africa and has no outlet to the sea. It shares borders with Mauritania and Senegal in the west, Algeria to the north and north-east, Niger in the east, Burkina Faso to the south-east, Côte d'Ivoire and Guinea to the south.
The country's territory is 1 240 192 km².
Landscape - mostly savannah and plains covered with sand, 65% of the country is desert or semi-desert. Large north-western region of the country that borders the Sahara desert, is almost completely barren desert or semi-desert. Rapid desertification of Mali due to the ongoing drought, soil erosion, harsh desert winds and vegetation cutting for firewood - the main problem of the country. Mali is currently almost completely devoid of forest and "wild" nature.
Population: more than 15 million 970 thousand people.
Capital: Bamako (population 1.8 million people).
Biggest cities: Bamako, Sikasso, Mopti, Koulikoro, Kayes, Segou.
Religion: 90% of the population of Mali - Sunni Muslims with elements of pagan beliefs of African-wing in their religion; 3% - Catholic Christians; 2% - Christians of various Protestant affiliations, and 5% - the adherents of traditional African beliefs.
Time zone: UTC +0.
Calling code: +223.
Currency: CFA Franc (XOF). Rates 1.00 USD ≅ 482.88 XOF, 1.00 EUR ≅ 656.09 XOF.
Credit card payment systems: Visa, MasterCard. It is best to pay in cash, so it is very difficult to find a place where credit cards are accepted, little ATMs.