South Africa (SAR, Republic of South Africa, Republiek van Suid-Afrika)
One of the most popular tourist destinations in the African continent, which is impossible without a visit to talk about acquaintance with the true African nature and culture. Country of diamonds and gold, stunning nature reserves and beaches, the Drakensberg Mountains, antelopes, crocodiles and even penguins, which are splashing in the warm waters of the Indian Ocean, the legendary Cape of Good Hope and other attractions will satisfy any avid traveler. Basic kinds of tourism - sightseeing, active and beach holidays, gastronomic and shopping tours.
The location, grounds and landscape
The country is located in the southern part of the African continent. To the north borders with Namibia, Botswana and Zimbabwe, to the north-east - with Mozambique and Swaziland. Within the territory of the Republic of South Africa is a state enclave of Lesotho.
The country's territory is 1 219 912 km².
South Africa is characterized by considerable diversity of the landscape from the flat plateau and desert sand areas to high Drakensberg mountains, located in the east of the country (the highest point - Mount Ndzhesuti). To the north of Johannesburg high plateau Veld moves to dry mixed forests.
Population: slightly more than 49 million people.
Capital: in South Africa there are 3 capitals - Pretoria or Tshwane (administrative), Cape Town (legislative) and Bloemfontein (judicial), in each of these cities are located relevant government authorities of the country.
Biggest cities: Johannesburg, Cape Town, Durban, Pretoria.
Languages: there are 11 national languages, the most spread ones - English and Afrikaans.
Religion: a predominantly Christian country with a prevailing influence the Protestant, the Dutch Reformed and Anglican churches. Christians - 60%, the Gentiles - 25%, Muslims - 10%, Hindu - 5%.
Time zone: UTC +2.
Calling code: +27.
Currency: South African Rand (ZAR), 1 ZAR = 100 cents, 1 USD ≅ 10,80 ZAR, 1 EUR ≅ 14,60 ZAR (2014). Banknotes in circulation are coins of denomination of 10, 50, 100 and 200 rand coins in 1,2,10, 20, 50 cents, 1, 2 and 5 rand.
Credit card payment systems: Visa, MasterCard, American Express. ATMs are available in most cities, and is possible to pay by credit card over the place.