China Peoples Republic of China (Chin. Trad. 中華人民共和國)
A socialist state in East Asia. Most populous country in the world (more than 1.35 billion, the majority of the population - ethnic Chinese, the self - Han); ranked third in the world in terms of area, after Russia and Canada. The country of a great superpower, a permanent member of the UN Security Council. It is the world's second economy, the world leader in the production of most industrial products, the world's largest exporter ("factory of the world"). China has the largest gold reserves in the world.
China - a very diverse, but at the same time unified in its diversity country. Here you can see almost everything: the picturesque traditional villages, ultramodern metropolis, ancient monasteries, the vast expanses of the Gobi desert, snow-capped mountain peaks, nature spots, protected in many parks and reserves. Rich history and culture of this country, a large area and the incredible natural diversity creates a huge range of possibilities for travel and leisure. Basic kinds of tourism in the country - tours, health tourism, beach holidays, ecotourism, recreation (skiing, trekking), shopping tours.
The location, grounds and landscape
In the north-east borders with Korea and Russia, in the north - with Mongolia, in the north-west - with Kazakhstan, in the west - with Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Afghanistan, in the south - with the Tibetan Autonomous Region, Sichuan Province, Hubei, Anhui, Jiangsu and municipalities of Chongqing. The south-east region is washed by the Yellow Sea.
The country's territory is 9 596 960 km².
Relief of of its territory varied. Most of the territory (except the east) is occupied by a belt of uplands and valleys with elevations ranging from 200 to 2000 m. The south and south-west of the area is bounded by the Kunlun Mountains and the Tibetan Plateau. Located in the west of mountain systems of Tian Shan, the average height within which exceed 6,000 m. In the same place are located two large internal cavity flow, Tarim and Junggar, and the lowest surface of the land in East Asia - the Turpan Depression.
Population: more than 1 billion 350 million people.
Capital: Beijing (Chinese. 北京, pinyin: Běijīng, a population of over 21 million people).
Biggest cities: Chongqing, Tianjin, Shanghai, Beijing, Guangzhou.
Languages: official language is Chinese. In Chinese, there is no alphabet instead are used when writing hieroglyphs. It should be remembered that the dialects in the provinces are so different from each other that often people from different provinces can understand each other, just send as a written version of the Chinese one for all. Among Chinese dialects can be distinguished Beijing, Hangzhou, Cantonese and Fujian. Most of the national minorities have their own languages.
Religion: officially recognized Buddhist, Taoist, Islamic, Christian, and some other religious communities. Buddhism is the most common religion. In addition, remains in the country very limited number of adherents of other religions, in particular Orthodoxy dunbaizma, shamanism and others. There are many followers of atheism.
Time zone: UTC +8.
Calling code: +86.
Currency: Chinese Yuan Renminbi. In one Yuan 10 jiao, one jiao 10 fen. In circulation are banknotes of 100, 50, 20, 10, 5, 2, 1 yuan, 5, 2, 1 jiao; coins - 1 yuan, 5, 2, 1 jiao, 5, 1 fen. Rates 1.00 USD ≅6.23 CNY, 1.00 EUR ≅ 8.48 CNY.
Credit card payment systems: American Express, JCB, Visa, Master Card и Diners Club.