India - The Republic of India (Hindi भारत)
The largest country in South Asia, which is characterized by significant ethnic and cultural diversity. India - a charming country with a very rich culture and history that attracts millions of tourists from all over the world. During a trip to India can be literally transported into a completely different world of the East. A superb beaches with the highest level of service and the beautiful sea provide an excellent opportunity to relax. Basic kinds of tourism in the country - trips and recreation, beach holidays, eco-tourism.
The location, grounds and landscape
India shares borders with Pakistan to the west, China, Nepal, and Bhutan to the north-east, and Bangladesh and Myanmar to the east. In addition, India has a maritime border with the Maldives in the south-west, with Sri Lanka in the south, and with Indonesia in the south-east. The disputed territory of Jammu and Kashmir shares a border with Afghanistan.
The country's territory is 3 287 263 km².
Natural conditions of India are very diverse. In general, its territory can be divided into 3 districts.
Population: more than 1 billion 200 million people.
Capital: New Delhi (Hindi नई दिल्ली, Panj. ਨਵੀਂ ਦਿੱਲੀ, Urdu نئی دلی, Beng. নতুন দিল্লি) with population of 825 thousand people.
Biggest cities: Mumbai, Delhi, Bangalore, Chennai, Kolkata.
Languages: official languages in India are English and Hindi, as well as 17 regional languages in different states. Among the other most common languages are Bengali, Telugu, Tamil, and others.
Religion: in India are presented all the major religions of the world. The largest number of believers in India - the adherents of Hinduism (82%) - the oldest national religion in India. Second place is occupied by the followers of Islam. Its professes 11% of the population (by the way, India is the second largest country in the world by number of Muslim population). Also in India live followers of Christianity, Buddhism, Sikhism, Jainism, Zoroastrianism. About a third of the state population are Roman Catholic, which is easy to get along with other religions.
Time zone: UTC +05:30.
Calling code: +91.
Currency: Indian Rupee (INR). Rates 1.00 USD ≅ 60.08 INR, 1.00 EUR ≅ 81.99 INR.
Credit card payment systems: Visa, MasterCard, American Express.