Israel - State of Israel (Hebrew. ישראל)
A country in South-West Asia, located in the Middle East, on the eastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea. Israel extends a narrow strip along the coast, it is a small country, which annually attracts millions of travelers from around the world. Israel is also the only country whose history has been described in the Bible, because its the birthplace and ascendence into heaven of Jesus Christ and the Prophet Mohammed.
Interesting country filled with shrines of three major religions - Islam, Christianity and Judaismto to which go thousands of pilgrims. Israel offers travelers a wealth of historical attractions, a special flavor Oriental life, pleasant mild climate, as well as health-healing properties of the waters of the Dead Sea, as well as an excellent opportunity for a beach holiday. Basic kinds of tourism in the country - trips and recreation, beach holidays, scuba diving.
The location, grounds and landscape
The country is situated in the Middle East located on the eastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea. It has borders with Lebanon, in the north-east - with Syria, in the east - with Jordan and the West Bank of the Jordan River, in the south-west - with Egypt and the Gaza Strip.
The country's territory is 20 770 km².
On the Mediterranean coast is located Coastal plain, a little east are lying hills and uplands, reaching a height of 1000 m. Country's highest point - Mount Hermon (2224 m) - is located in the northern part of the Golan Heights. In the south-east of the country, in the Rift Valley, is the lowest point on the planet - the Dead Sea (403 meters below sea level). The southern half of the territory of Israel occupies the plateau of Negev with the same name desert. In addition to the Mediterranean Sea, Israel to the south is washed by the Red Sea. The largest river of the country, the Jordan flows from north to south across the Sea of Galilee (Lake Kinneret), the largest reservoir of fresh water in Israel, and empties into the Dead Sea.
Population: more than 8 million 80 thousand people.
Capital: Jerusalem (825 thousand inhabitants).
Biggest cities: Jerusalem, Tel Aviv - Jaffa, Haifa.
Languages: Hebrew, Arabic. In tourist areas English is widely used, many people know Russian.
Religion: 62% of Israel's believing population profess Judaism, more than 13% - Islam, 5% - Christianity.
Time zone: UTC +2..+3.
Calling code: +972.
Currency: New Shekel (ILS), which is equal to 100 agarot. Banknotes in circulation are in denominations of 20, 50, 100 and 200 shekels, coins of 5, 10, 50 agarot and 1, 5 and 10 shekels. Rates 1.00 USD ≅ 3.54 ILS, 1.00 EUR ≅4.81 ILS.
Credit card payment systems: everywhere are accepted credit cards: Visa, MasterCard, American Express.