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Japan

  • Japan

Japan (Jap. 日本 Nihon, Nippon)

The island state in East Asia. Located in the Pacific Ocean, to the east of the Sea of ​​Japan, China, North and South Korea, Russia, and occupies the territory from the Sea of ​​Okhotsk in the north to the East China Sea and Taiwan in the south. The amazing country full of his special oriental charm and hospitality. Japan have unique identity, inimitable sense of beauty and great respect for their own history. 

Country of the Rising Sun, which gracefully combines tradition and modernity. In Japan ancient pagoda and spirits gates coexist with mirrored skyscrapers, pompous "fivestar" hotels with cozy ryokan, widely promoted spas - with national ofuro baths. In the north of the country - in Hokkaido and Japan Alps located excellent infrastructure for winter sports, and the south-east of Honshu, Kyushu and Okinawa features a renowned Japanese seaside resorts. Main types of tourism in the country - excursions and recreation, beach holidays, ski resorts.

General information

The location, grounds and landscape 

Japan is an island nation located in the Pacific Islands, off the coast of East Asia. As a part of the territory of Japan - about 4 thousand islands stretching from north-east to south-west. nearly 3.5 thousand. km. The largest islands are - Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku and Kyushu. Major engineering structures (underwater tunnels, bridges) promote relations between the main islands of the country. In the east and south Japan is washed by the Pacific Ocean, in the west - by the East China Sea and ​​Japan sea, in the north - by the Sea of ​​Okhotsk.

The country's territory is 377 944 km². 

Over 70% of the territory occupied by hills and mountains (mainly low and medium altitude); lowlands are located separate sites along the coast. On Hokkaido Island main ranges are an extension of the chains of Sakhalin and the Kuril Islands, reaching north to south and from the north-east to south-west. The highest peaks are located in the vicinity of the intersection exceeds 2000 m - a typical example is Mount Asahi, altitude 2290 m.

In the northern part of Honshu Island are three longitudinal chains of medium-mountains separated by valleys and hollows; the axial position occupies the Oh ridge, to the west of which there are ranges of Virgo and Echigo, east - ridges of Kitakami and Abukuma; central and western chains are topped by volcanoes. In the middle of the island crosses the fault zone - Fossa Magna (with length about 250 km), above which rises a number of volcanoes, including the highest one in Japan - Fuji (altitude of 3776 m), which is a symbol of the country. In the central part of Honshu island are located ridges Hida, Kiso, Akaishi Mountains (elevation 2900-3192 m), the tops of which have alpine terrain, and most of the year covered with snow. Total in Japan there are 16 peaks, the height of which exceeds three thousand mark.

Population: more than 127 million 100 thousand people.

CapitalTokyo (Jap. 東京 Tokё, 13 million inhabitants)

Biggest cities: Tokyo, Yokohama, Osaka, Sapporo.

Languages: official language is Japanese.

Religion: major religions of the country - Shinto (until 1945 - the state religion) and Buddhism, Christianity gained some spread.

Time zoneUTC +9.

Calling code+81.

Currency: Yen (JPY), rates 1.00 USD ≅ 101.42 JPY, 1.00 EUR ≅ 138.40 JPY. Japan - country with the lowest among all the nations of the world by a number of different types of banknotes. In the course are banknotes just three types of denominations of 10,000, 5,000 and 1,000 yen, and the coins 500, 100, 50, 10, 5 and 1 yen.

Credit card payment systemsVisa, MasterCard, American Express.

Tours in the direction of: Japan
from € 3320
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