Maldives – Republic of the Maldives (Maldive Islands, Dhivehi Raa’je Jumhooriyyaa)
Island country located on the Maldives Islands in the Indian Ocean, which consists of approximately 1,190 coral atolls ( populated 198) total area of 298 square Km.
White sandy beaches with coconut trees in the midst of the azure sea, which is inhabited by billions of brightly colored fish and marine animals - classical notion of the Maldives. Wilderness islands is not spoiled by the latest achievements of science and technology, providing tourists comfort and high quality service. There are comfortable hotels, diving schools and everything that you need for diving can be rented right on the beach.
The main entertainment on the Maldives - is a luxury beach holidays that combines perfectly with an unforgettable diving among the coral and water sports.
Location, area and landscape
Maldivian archipelago is located in the Indian Ocean 685 km south-west of Sri Lanka, and crosses the line of the equator. Chain of 26 atolls, consisting of 1,192 coral islands, has a total area - 90 thousand km², land area - 298 km ². It stretches from north to south - 820 km from east to west - 120 km. Of about two thousand islands only 199 are inhabited and on the other 74 islands there are organized tourist resorts.
There are no mountains in the Maldives, the islands slightly above the level of the ocean: the highest point of the archipelago - on the southern atoll of Addu (Siena) - 2.4 m
Area is 298 km² (land).
Population: over 330 thousand people. Basically Maldivians (Sinhalese, Indians) - 90%, Arabs - 9%.
Capital city: city of Male.
Biggest cities: city of Male, and settlements in the Suvadiva and Siladumati.
Languages: Dhivehi - the state language, which is very close to the Sinhalese. English knows the staff of hotels and restaurants, as well as youth.
Religion: Islam, the majority of the population - Sunni.
Time zone: UTC +5.
Calling code: +960.
Currency: Maldivian Rufiyaa, is 100 lari (1.00 EUR ≅ 17.50 MVR, 1.00 USD ≅ 12.80 MVR). In circulation there are banknotes of 2, 5, 10, 20, 50, 100 and 500 Rufiyaa, and coins of 1, 2, 5, 10, 25 and 50 GEL. Universally accepted in U.S. dollar.
Credit card payment systems: Visa, MasterCard, American Express.
Climate and weather
Subequatorial monsoon climate, characterized by humidity and heat. Under the influence of the northeast monsoon dry from November to March, due to southwest monsoon - rainy from June to August. Torrential rains, storms and large waves are most likely in June. Consistently hot weather all year round, and temperatures from 24 to 30°. Air temperature never drops below +17° C (in January-February) and never rises above +32° C (April-May).
Flora and Fauna
There is a very rich living world on the Maldives, especially underwater world. There are no dangerous animals or venomous reptiles. Among pets, you may see the cats and the birds. Keep the house dogs and pigs is prohibited by law. On some islands there are goats - they are bred for meat, and cows that are scarce due to scarcity of pasture. Fruit bats, or flying foxes, you may usually see at sunset. On some islands you may see the herons, turtles, lots of hermit crabs, worms and molluscs, including Achatina giant. Among the inhabitants of underwater world the most widely-distributed are: flying fish, tuna, sailfish, manta rays, stingrays, sea snakes and turtles. Relatively close to the coast you can see the world's largest fishes - the whale sharks, which are not dangerous to humans. The corals, populated by the bright tropical fish, moray eels and small reef sharks (not dangerous).
How to get
Almost all the tourists go to the Maldives by air. Daily Male International Airport, which is located on a separate island Hulhule 1 km away from the capital, landing dozens of flights from Asia, the Middle East and Western Europe. For residents of Eastern and South - Eastern Europe, Russia and the most convenient and profitable option to use the services of the Turkish Airlines with transfer in Istanbul. From Male to the islands-resorts, tourists go on a comfortable boat, by water airplanes or helicopters. Air Maldives airline operates regular flights only to the few distant islands.
Best season - from November to late April. At this time, the sea is calm, the weather is sunny and dry.
Places of interest
Male - is a capital of the Maldives, which is located on the largest atoll of the same name. This city is considered the smallest and at the same time the most populous capital in the world. Typically, a tour for tourists visiting souvenir shops takes no more than two hours. The main attractions in Male Friday Mosque Hukuru Bowls (Hikuru Miskiyi), -built over 400 years ago, the Sultan 's Palace and the Sultan Park (Meduziyaray Magoo) - a meeting place for locals on Friday evenings and Darumavantarasgefaanu Bowls (Dharumavantharasgefaanu Miskiy) - a unique little mosque with carved wooden paneling, which is located on a quiet street adjacent to Darumavanta Magoo (Dharumavantha Magu).
In Male', you should also visit the local Maldivian maidan - Jumhury Maidan (so called) - the area in front of the pier, which was built in 1988 on comfortable benches where you can relax a bit, waiting for their transport.
Tours in the direction of: Maldives
About the tour