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Myanmar

  • Myanmar

Myanmar (Republic of the Union of Myanmar)

Country in Southeast Asia, located in the western part of the Indochina Peninsula. The word "Myanmar" means "fast", "strong" and resonates with the word "Mya" relevance "emerald". This is the perfect place for lovers of ancient architecture and devotees of Buddhism. In Myanmar, there are about 3 million coated gold pagodas and countless other places of worship, many of which have survived from ancient civilizations and still are a place of pilgrimage. Mountain landscapes of the north of the country are suitable for hiking and ecotourism, and on the coast of Myanmar, you can relax on the beach resorts and diving. Main types of tourism in the country - excursions, eco-tourism, beach holidays, diving.

General information

The location, grounds and landscape 

Myanmar borders with India (1463 km) and Bangladesh (193 km) to the west, with China (2185 km) to the north-east, Laos (235 km) to the east and Thailand (1,800 km) to the southeast. From the south and south-west its shores are washed by the Bay of Bengal and the Gulf of Martaban (Martaban) and the Andaman Sea.

The country's territory is 678 500 km². 

In the western part of the country from north to south of the Himalayan mountain ranges stretched Rakhine Yoma and the Bago Yoma, and in the east - the Shan Plateau. Mountains cover most of the country. Mountain ranges and the Shan Plateau separates the fertile Central Plain. In the northern part of the western mountain range near the border with China is the country's highest point - Mount Hkakobo Razi (5881 m). The average height of the Shan Plateau - 900 m and the highest point of it - Mount of Pannonia - reaches a height of 2563 m. After Shan Plateau passes several volcanic chains, and mud volcanoes in the western mountain range. The most famous of the extinct volcanoes - Popa (1518 m). Off the coast of Bay of Bengal, a narrow strip stretches plain Rakhine. In the Bay of Bengal and the Andaman Sea are numerous islands. Mergen archipelago in the Andaman Sea is a continuation of the western mountain range.

Population: more than 55 million 165 thousand people.

CapitalNaypyidaw (925 thousand inhabitants).

Biggest cities: Yangon, Mandalay, Mawlamyine.

Languages: Burmese (akin to the Tibetan and Chinese languages). In the business sphere English and Chinese are widely used.

Religion: Myanmar is a multi-confessional country, but the vast majority of the population are the Buddhists (Theravada school). Religious composition of the population, Buddhists - 89%, Christians - 4%, Muslims - 4%, animist - 1% Other - 2%.

Time zoneUTC +06:30.

Calling code+96.

Currency: Myanmar kyat (ICC), rates of 1.00 USD ≅ 988.00 IWC, 1.00 EUR ≅ 1342.00 IWC.

Credit card payment systems: non-cash payment services in Myanmar are poorly developed. To avoid additional costs on exchange transactions, tourists are advised to purchase travelers checks in US dollars or pounds sterling, but it's better to carry a sufficient amount of cash.

Tours in the direction of: Myanmar