Nepal - Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal (Nepali. नेपाल)
Mysterious, mountainous country, the state in the Himalayas in South Asia. It shares borders with India and China. There are two main aspects that attract tourists from around the world in Nepal - exoticism of the country and the opportunity to engage in extreme sports. Also, many tourists are more attracted by amazing flora and fauna of the jungle in the Terai and alpine meadows in the mountain reserves, countless Buddhist and Hindu temples and monasteries. Main types of tourism in the country - excursions, eco-tourism, extreme sports (mountaineering, trekking, rafting).
The location, grounds and landscape
Despite the fact that Nepal is a small country, its territory has a very diverse terrain. From south to north the territory gradually rises to 250 meters above sea level to the very top of the Great Himalaya Range, ending at an altitude of over 8000 m. In Nepal, there are three large physiographic zones lie parallel and successive south to north: plain Terai, the midlands and directly highest mountains, the Himalayas. Plain region of Nepal, the Terai, is located along the border with India. Terai - is the northern end of the Indo-Gangetic Plain, a width of 20 - 40 km. The southern part of Thera is located at an altitude of 300 m above sea level and rises to the north to the foot of the Siwalik (ie, "the ridge of Shiva") at a height of 1000 m. Thera are several valleys in western Nepal located Surket and Dang valleys, and in the central part - the valley of Rapti, or Chitwan.
Population: more than 30 million 430 thousand people.
Currency: Nepalese Rupee (NPR), rate 1.00 USD ≅ 100.15 NPR, 1.00 EUR ≅ 136.07 NPR. One Nepalese rupee is equal to 100 paisa. In Nepal coins are in denominations of 5, 10, 25 and 50 paise as well as 1, 2, 5 and 10 rupees. Banknotes are made of special plastic with a nominal value of 1, 2, 5, 10, 25, 50, 100, 250, 500 and 1000 rupees.
Credit card payment systems: Visa, MasterCard, American Express.