Australia (Commonwealth of Australia)
Country in the southern hemisphere, occupying mainland Australia, the island of Tasmania and a few other islands in the Indian and Pacific Oceans, is the sixth state by area in the world. The term "Australia" comes from the Latin. austrālis («South"). In colloquial speech to indicate Australians in Australia uses the word Oz. To refer to the adjective "Australian" Australians use the word Aussie. It is one of the most developed countries of the world, being the thirteenth largest economy in the world, is the sixth in the world in GDP per capita. Australia is a member of the G20, the WTO, the UN, the Commonwealth and the Pacific Islands Forum.
The country attracts many travelers with its geographical, natural and tour variety. Australia lures visitors with beautiful beaches, recognizable silhouettes of famoust attractions like Sydney Opera House and Harbour Bridge, the archipelago of the Great Barrier Reef, postcard waves for surfers. Basic kinds of tourism in the country - excursions, eco-tourism, leisure.
The location, grounds and landscape
Most of the country is occupied by vast deserts and lowland areas. The best-known of the desert: the Great Sandy Desert, Great Victoria Desert. East of the Great Victoria Desert stretches semidesert Great Artesian Basin. To the east of the continent are badly damaged, the low mountains of the Hercynian orogeny - the Great Dividing Range with a maximum height in the south (Mount Kosciuszko, 2228 m; Townsend, 2209 m). Faults and river valleys dissect the mountain into separate arrays. The eastern slopes of the mountains steep precipices to the sea, Western - more gentle. Australia - the only continent where there are no active volcanoes and modern glaciation. The lowest point in Australia is Lake Eyre (-15 m) with an area of about 15,000 square kilometers.
Population: more than 23 million 120 thousand people.