Papua New Guinea
Papua New Guinea (Tok Pisin - Papua Niugini, Hiri Motu - Papua Niu Gini)
Country in Oceania, in the south-western Pacific Ocean, occupies the eastern part of the island of New Guinea, the Bismarck Archipelago, the northern part of the Solomon Islands (Malvinas Bougainville, Buka), D'Entrecasteaux Islands and others. Unique country with such a variety of languages , interesting customs and cultures, beautiful landscapes, rich flora and fauna. Particularly attractive makes this region the local jungle, inhabited by original tribes that hasn't been affected by the civilization.
Local volcanoes, mountains, valleys, rivers, waterfalls and marshes are ideal for hiking. But the main attraction of Papua - New Guinea is the underwater world around its seas. This is one of the main places in the world for diving and the birthplace of poppy-diving. Basic kinds of tourism in the country - tours, beach holidays, ecotourism, recreation (diving, surfing), hiking.
The location, grounds and landscape
Most of the territory of Papua New Guinea is covered by mountains. In the central regions of the island of New Guinea in the direction from north-west to south-east stretches several ridges with an average altitude of about 3000 m. Highest point of the island and across the country - Mount Wilhelm (4509 m). It is located in the north-western part. North and south of the mountain ranges stretch wide plains and lowlands. In the north-east coast of the island mountain ranges are suitable for almost to the shore and can be traced to the nearby islands. There is a zone of high seismic activity, which is dedicated to the Pacific Ring of Fire. Most volcanoes are located in this part of the island of New Guinea (about two dozen). The largest rivers are the Fly and Sepik, the two 1.1 km long. They originate in the mountains and flow through the plains. The island of Papua New Guinea have both volcanic and coral origin. Mountainous and volcanic islands lie to the north of the island of New Guinea. On the islands of New Britain and Bougainville towering active volcanoes. Coral islands, most of them are located at the southeastern tip of the island of New Guinea.
Population: more than 7 million 300 thousand people.