A small country in Central Europe with a population of about 8,460,000 people. Austria thanks to its natural wealth has almost endless possibilities for an exciting vacation, extreme sports, entertainment and quality treatment. It weaved many European cultures, which made her one of the most visited countries in the world. Austria has long formed and debug tourist serving system. Many towns and villages have become a major European resorts and former villagers in the hotel business.
This country belongs to the Alpine tourist area of the Western European zone of the European region, most of the country is covered by Alps. Austria is a country of traditional winter tourism. Along with Switzerland, this country is a ski Mecca for many Europeans. Today tourism in Austria is the main source of income, which covers traditional trade deficit. In this industry 70 thousand small and medium tourism enterprises (hotels, restaurants, resorts and hospitals, swimming pools and beaches) employs 350 thousand people. By share of gross receipts from tourism to GDP (6%) Austria is one of the leading places in the world and income from tourism sector economies of small countries of Europe firmly holds the leading position. Main types of tourism in Austria - excursion tourism, ski resorts, the treatment at health resorts.
The location, grounds and landscape
Austria is located in the heart of Europe and has no outlet to the sea. In the north of the country it borders with the Czech Republic in the north-east - with Slovakia in the east - with Hungary in the south - with Slovenia, Italy and Switzerland, in the west - with Liechtenstein, Switzerland and Germany.
The country's territory is 83.871 km ².
Austria 70% mountainous country, the average altitude is about 900 m. Most of the eastern Austrian is occupied by Alps, which in turn are divided into the Northern Alps of Tyrol and Salzburg Alps in the north, and the Zillertal and carnic Alps in the south. The highest point is Mount Grossglockner (3797 meters), and it is one of Europe's largest glacier - Pasterze. The lowest Point is Lake Neusiedl (145 meters above sea level).
Population: more than 8 million 420 thousand people.
Capital: Vienna (German: Wien, 1.7 million people).
Biggest cities: Vienna, Graz, Linz, Salzburg, Innsbruck.
Languages: German; regional languages: Burgenland-Croatian, Hungarian, Slovenian.
Religion: 78% of the population are Catholics, 8% - Protestant 2% - Muslims, 12% - atheists.
Time zone: UTC +1.
Calling code: +43.
Currency: Euro (EUR), 1 euro = 100 cents. In Banknotes advantages: 5,10, 20, 50,100,200, 500 EURO, coins in 1.2, 5.10, 20.50 cents, and 1 and 2 EURO.
Credit card payment systems: Visa, MasterCard, American Express.
The climate and the average temperature
Contrasts of landscape from lowlands to the snowy mountains determine the diversity climate in Austria. In Austria focused two climatic zones. In the north and east the climate is temperate, in the east - continental, in the south - the Mediterranean. Austria enjoys a temperate, transitional continental climate, which is strongly dependent on the height.
Traditionally, summer is sunny and warm, the average temperature is +20 º C. As it rises up, the temperature at night can reach zero. Winters are very mild in the plains and cold in the mountains, the temperature can drop in the plains to -2 ° C, and in the highlands to -14 º C. Precipitation throughout the country ranges from 500 to 3000 mm per year, depending on the altitude and landscape. The optimal time for a visit to Vienna is late spring and early autumn.
Flora and fauna
Diversity of terrain and climate in Austria causes sufficient species richness of its vegetation. On the plains and at altitudes up to 1000 m above sea level is dominated by forests of hardwoods - oak, beech, hornbeam, birch, they are followed by pine, spruce, and larch, rising to 1,800 meters high in the mountains located subalpine mountain thickets pine and cedar dwarf, alpine meadows, where there are herbaceous species with decorative flowers.
For a country it is characterized by the average European fauna: foxes, deer, roe deer, hare, pheasant, partridge, badger, marten, squirrel. Typical representatives of the Alpine fauna are chamois, marmots, deer, mountain jackdaw and again imported ibex. Also in Austria live foxes, wild cats, martens. For wildlife of Pannonian Plain characteristic is abundance of birds, in particular in coastal reeds in the only Central Europe steppe lake Neusiedl (purple heron, colony of spoonbills and avocets).
How best to get
Several companies and also fly charters ply in Austria their scheduled flights
Direct flight from Ukraine to Vienna (about 2 hours) is carried out by "Ukraine International Airlines", you can also get Austria via Austrian Airlines from Kyiv, Odessa, Kharkiv, Donetsk, Dnipropetrovsk and Lviv. From Kyiv to Vienna you can go by train, which runs on a regular basis.
«Aeroflot», Niki and Austrian Airlines operate its daily scheduled flights on the route Moscow - Vienna (flight duration about 3 hours) and Austrian Airlines fly directly to Vienna from St. Petersburg. Also with transfers in Germany, France or Turkey Austrian Airlines and other companies organize flights to Vienna from Yekaterinburg, Sochi, Rostov-on-Don and Krasnodar. There are charters Moscow - Salzburg (about 3 hours) and Moscow - Innsbruck (4:00).
Airline "Belavia" and Austrian Airlines fly from Minsk to Vienna (about an hour in the air), Salzburg and Innsbruck. Additionally Austrian Airlines also fly to Vienna, Innsbruck and Salzburg from Almaty and Astana.
Best time to visit
Austria can be safely recommended to visit in the summer, because it has numerous pristine lakes with world-class hotels on the beach, where you can truly relax and enjoy the tranquility. Famous thermal resorts with mineral springs provide ideal conditions for a relaxing holiday with a course of treatment for preventive purposes. Austria in the winter is a huge number of ski resorts with guaranteed snow. There are dozens of top-class ski resorts that will satisfy the most demanding winter sports enthusiasts. Modern track and first class hotels that are located on the picturesque Alpine villages, where there is the aroma of antiquity and peace. Cozy mountain huts, alpine meadows create the perfect backdrop for outdoor activities, mountain activities and snowboarding.
Popular tourist sites
Vienna is the "cultural and musical capital of Europe," one of the most beautiful cities in the world. The country's capital located in a picturesque place of the middle reaches of the Danube, surrounded by the spurs of the Vienna Woods. Major attractions: the oldest district of the city (Inner-City), St. Stephen's Cathedral (Stephansdom) with the ancient catacombs, a beautiful area with a treasure trove of Stephansplatz Treasury of the Teutonic Order, the house-museum of the great composer Mozart (Figarohaus). One of the symbols of the city is the statue Donauniksen - the famous "mermaid Danube", tourists will see that, because there are many interesting places, a huge number of buildings and churches, which is linked with the history of the country.
Salzburg is an exquisite city, interesting attraction of Austria, which offers its guests a rich cultural heritage and beautiful landscapes. Austrians believe that it is the most conservative city in the entire country. Popular tourist places to visit are Salzburg Cathedral (founded in the VIII century) with a luxurious residence of the princes, archbishops, palaces Helburn with a magnificent park, adorned with fountains, crackers, and Mirabel, Museum of Baroque, Salt Mountain, the house where Mozart was born. Also popular are the famous Salzburg Lakes, south of Salzburg is located cave Eisriesenwelt ("world ice giants") in Tennengebirge.