ENRUUA

Bulgaria

  • Bulgaria

Bulgaria (Република България) 

Country in South-Eastern Europe, in the eastern part of the Balkan Peninsula. The country was called by the ethnonym of Ural-Altai people - Bulgarians. Bulgaria is famous for its wide beaches that go down gently to the sea. The Black Sea is favorable for bathing - it is not very salty and has a sandy bottom. Main types of tourism in the country are excursions and recreation, beach holidays, ecotourism, leisure.

General information

The location, grounds and landscape

Its neighbors are such countries as Romania in the north, Serbia and Macedonia in the west, Greece and Turkey in the south. Bulgaria  is washed by the Black Sea in the east. 

The country is 110 993.6 km ². 

Almost a third of the territory of Bulgaria is covered by mountains, but they are low and are available for tourists. Across the country there is 555 km long ridge of Stara Planina or the Balkan Range, it gave its name to the peninsula. The highest point of the ridge is Mount Botev - rises to a height of 2376 m. Parallel to the Stara Planina there is Sredna Gora. In the south-west and west are mountains of Rila, Pirin and Rhodope. The highest peak of Rila is mountain Musala (2925 m), it is the highest point in the entire Balkan Peninsula. 

Population: over 7 million 360 thousand people. 

Capital: Sofia (Bulgarian Sofia, population - 1.3 million people). 

Biggest cities: Sofia, Plovdiv, Varna, Burgas, Ruse, Stara Zagora, Pleven, Dobrich, Sliven, Shumen .. 

Languages: Bulgarian. 

Religion: the majority of the population (over 85%) are Orthodox Christians. Also presented are Sunni Muslims, Jews, Catholics, Protestants. Atheists in a country are only 0.5%. 

Time zone: UTC +2. 

Telephone code
: 359. 

Currency: Bulgarian Lev (BGN), contains 100 stotinkas. Since 2002 the rate of lev pegged to the euro and it stands now  1.95583 levs for 1 euro. 

Credit card payment systems: Visa, MasterCard, American Express. 

The climate and the average temperature

The most parts of the territory of Bulgaria are dominated by a temperate of continental climate with four distinct seasons. On the Black Sea coast and in southern climate is similar to the Mediterranean. The country has an average temperature of the coldest month - January, ranging from -2 to +2 °. In the mountains the thermometer can drop to -10 ... - 15 degrees. The average temperature of the warmest month - July - ranges from 18° C to 24° C in the northern areas, +28° in the south Black Sea coast, while it rarely crosses 30 degrees. The annual rainfall is 670 mm, while in the mountains - 800 - 1000mm. In the northern Bulgarian Black Sea Coast the wettest months are May - June, the driest - February. In southern Bulgaria maximum precipitation falls in November - December, at least - in August. Water in the Black Sea warms to 25 °. Bulgaria is favorable climate to stay, especially for the residents of the middle band.

Flora and fauna

The country can be counted more than 3200 species of plants. There are areas where the natural vegetation preserved. These are creeks Kamchiya and Ropotamo and the mountains in the south, in the regions Pre-Balkans, Stara Planina, and some islands of the Danube. Forests cover about a third (29%) of the country. In Bulgaria there are often coniferous forests - spruce, pine, white spruce and others. Deciduous forests, especially oak and beech, and then hornbeam, ash, linden, hazel dominate in the Stara Planina, Central and Strandja Mountain. Wild chestnut can be found in the Stara Planina (about Berkovitsa) and Bjelašnica, here grow the best varieties of tobacco. In mountainous areas up to 1,000 m grow deciduous forests, most rasprostanenie rocks which are oak, beech, hornbeam, ash, linden, hazel. Above 1000 m there is a zone of coniferous forests. 

 Bulgarian fauna is a mixture of European species of the central and northern regions, as well as the Mediterranean. They are dominated by bats. Jackal is not uncommon in the Strandja Mountain. Among the big birds dominate bearded eagles. Among the nearly extinct mammals there are bear, wolf, fox, wild cat, deer, chamois and others. Pelicans, partridges, pheasants an grouse inhabit Bulgaria. Also in the country you can catch many species of marine and freshwater fish. There are nearly 50 species of amphibians and reptiles. Variety of insects that can satisfy even the most discerning collectors. In Bulgaria you can catch more than 1100 different species of butterflies.

How best to get

From Kiev to Sofia and Varna ply regular flights "Ukraine International Airlines". Additionally Sofia can also be reached by train from Kiev, Lviv and Ternopil. Also you can go by bus through Romania and by high-speed catamaran from Odessa to Varna. To Sofia th easiest way is to fly with regular flights of "Aeroflot" and Bulgaria Air from Moscow and St. Petersburg (departures every day, time in flight - 2.5 and 3 hours respectively). To Varna and Burgas in summer fly many charters. In winter from Moscow to Plovdiv go charters, their time in flight is about 3 hours. Train Moscow - Sofia leaves every day from Kiev railway station. Time is about 58 hours. In summer additionally daily train Moscow – Varna departure. From St. Petersburg to Sofia train leaves daily. Bulgaria also can be easily reached by ship across the Black Sea or the Danube or by car and bus through Romania, Turkey and Macedonia.

Best time to visit

Excursions in Bulgaria can be made from May to October and sunbathing and swimming are best in June and September. In July and August sets warm sunny weather (air temperature is not lower than 23° C and not higher than 30 ° C). Sea water is warm enough until the end of September. For ski enthusiasts winter is more suitable.

Popular tourist sites 

Sofia is the capital of the country. Most attention in the remains of Roman buildings deserve mosque Banya - Bashi (16), St. Sophia Cathedral of Alexander Nevsky, which is the hallmark of the city, the church "Boyana", located in the suburbs of the capital. Sofia is known for its museums, including the National Art Gallery (Bulgarian, Russian and Western European art), the National Archaeological Museum, the Ethnographic Museum, the Museum of Sofia History, Central Museum of the city, the museum houses of Blagoev, I. Vazov, V. Kolarov, A . Stambolijsky, N. Vaptsarov and others. To explore the attractions of Sofia you can climb on Mount Vitosha. In summer it is popular as a place of picnics and walks and in winter the skiers use it.

Tours in the direction of: Bulgaria

8 days

2 pers

Indiv.

★★★★★

Avia
from € 645
About the tour
from € 875
About the tour