Cyprus (греч. Κυπριακή Δημοκρατία, тур. Kıbrıs Cumhuriyeti)
Island nation in the eastern Mediterranean. Member of the European Union since 1 of May 2004. The island is divided into three parts: 60% of the island is controlled by the authorities of the Republic of Cyprus (mostly populated by Greeks), 38% - of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus (mostly populated by Turks), 2% - the British armed forces.
The location, grounds and landscape
Cyprus is the third largest island in the Mediterranean. Length of the island from north to south is about 100 km, from west to east - about 225 km. We can say that on this island west and east meet each other - eastern part belongs to Turkey, while the rest is a kind of continuation of Greece. Through proximity to the countries of Asia Minor Cyprus also applies to Southwest Asia.
The climate and the average temperature
Cyprus belongs to subtropical climatic zones, the Mediterranean region. Winter on the island is soft and warm. The average temperature in the coldest month – January -12 degrees on the coast and 4 degrees in the mountains. During the winter months falls most of the precipitation (70-80 mm). Spring and autumn are very short. The average summer temperature is 28 - 30 degrees in the plains and about 28 degrees in the Troodos Mountains. The heat can reach 35 degrees, but it is carried by the sea quite easily. Precipitation at this time is very little. At sea you can swim in April, when the water temperature reaches 20 degrees. In August it warms up to 28 degrees.
Flora and fauna
Flora and fauna of the island is incredibly interesting and quite unique. In ancient times Cyprus was famous for its forests. In our time it is preserved the narrow strip along the slopes of the mountains and along the coastline. In the forests grow oaks, pine trees, strawberry trees, giant cacti, endemic species of cypress, juniper, cedar and alder. Nature of Cyprus can’t boast with especially picturesque plain. Most of the year it looks like a scorched steppe. The most colorful Cyprus in February - May. In the meadows can be found tulips, gladioli, irises, orchids, lilies. In the mountains flowers grow on rocks. Among the flowers and shrubs there are many endemics.
How best to get
In the summer season tourists from Moscow to Larnaca are delivered by the charter flights. They fly usually on Sundays, Wednesdays and Fridays (less often). Regular flights Moscow - Larnaca plies "Aeroflot" and "Cyprus Airways" and regular flight Moscow - Paphos plies "Transaero". Duration of the flight "Cyprus Airways" is about 4.5 hours, other airlines have the right to fly over Turkish airspace, the flight spends approximately 3 hours 15 minutes.
Best time to visit
For a beach holiday the best time to visit is between April and May and September – October. At this time it is not too hot and you can already swim. If the purpose of the trip is skiing, you’d better go, of course, in the winter months.
Popular tourist sites
Nicosia (Lefkosia) – is the capital and largest city of Cyprus. It is located in the center of the island and divided by the "green line" - a buffer zone between the southern and northern Cyprus. The northern part of the city is also the capital of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus.