Czech Republic (Česká republika)
A small country in Central Europe. Country's name comes from the ethnonym title - Czechs. Despite its ancient origins the modern Czech Republic was formed on January 1 1993 as a result of the collapse of the socialist Czechoslovakia, which splits into two independent states: the Czech Republic and Slovakia. Since 1 May 2004, the country is a member of the European Union.
The location, grounds and landscape
The Czech Republic comprises three historical regions - Bohemia, Moravia and part of Silesia and is bordered by Poland in the north, Germany - in the northwest and west, Austria - in the south and Slovakia - in the east.
Telephone code: 420.
The climate and the average temperature
The climate is temperate with warm summers and cold, cloudy and humid in winter, determined by mixing of marine and continental influences.
Flora and fauna
Czech Republic is one of the greenest countries in Europe. Forests cover about 30% of its territory. Natural forests of the Czech Republic are a mixed forest of firs, pines and oaks. Symbolic tree of Czech Republic is linden. Despite the fact that the natural Czech forest was artificially substituted, primarily by spruce landings, one can still find over 30 percent of the initial composition of forests. Above the forest are alpine meadows.
How best to get
Kyiv - Prague UIA has joint Czech Airlines daily direct flights. You can save a little if you get to the Czech Republic by bus from Kiev, Lviv, Dnepropetrovsk or by train.
Best time to visit
Of course, best time to visit the Czech Republic is in the summer, late spring or early fall. There are at this time most of the open parks, museums and natural tourist attractions. However the mild climate allows tourists to stay in the country all year round. It is popular trips to Prague for Christmas and New Year. Major ski resorts are open from December to April.
Popular tourist sites
Prague is one of the most beautiful cities in the world. Here is preserved the true spirit of medieval Europe. Most of the historical sights are in the Old Town. In the capital and its suburbs there are dozens of tourist facilities that can list a very long time, in particular: Prague Castle, Charles Bridge, Old Town Square and Wenceslas Square, the Royal Palace, St. Vitus Cathedral, Church of Our Lady before Tyn, Krizik fountain etc.
Cesky Krumlov is the second most visited tourist destination in the Czech Republic. City seemed to stop its development in the XVIII century. Its location and the architecture is simply amazing. On fairly narrow S-shaped cliff along the river Vltava were built about 40 buildings and the palace buildings, combined into a single complex around five interlocking squares and castle garden.
Kutna Hora is Czech ancient city that is listed in UNESCO World Heritage Site and primarily associated with the Church of All Saints. This unique architectural building is decorated with human bones and skulls. For registration were used remains of 40 thousand people. Also in Kutna Hora you should visit the Gothic Cathedral of St. Barbara and the Mint Museum.
Sichrow Castle is just a place of worship for lovers of mysticism and occultism. Castle shrouded chilling stories and legends about ghosts.
Plzen is the former capital of the Czech Republic, and today it is a"beer capital". The main architectural attractions are the Gothic Church of St. Bartholomew's and the town hall, many tourists do not even remember after visiting numerous pubs.
Karlovy Vary is the most famous, but only one of many health-care Bale resorts of Czech Republic, each of which has its own medical specialty. Karlovy Vary for several centuries was a resort popular for European aristocracy and bohemia. This resort also attracts many lovers of alcohol tourism. In Karlovy Vary there are two major plant - Jan Becher and "Krushovitse." Produced drinks «Сarlsbad», «Becherovka» and beer «Krushovitse» are known worldwide. Another attraction of Karlovy Vary is inimitable light and music show "Singing Fountain".
Bohemian Paradise is a nature reserve in the north-east of the Czech Republic. Extraordinarily beautiful place for outdoor activities.