State in Western Europe. The motto of the Republic is "Liberty, Equality, Fraternity", its principle is the rule of the people, by the people and for the people. Capital is the city of Paris. Country's name comes from the ethnonym of the Germanic tribe - francs, despite the fact that the majority of the French population has a mixed Gallo-Roman origin and speaks the language of the Romance group. France has a nuclear power and one of the five permanent members of the UN Security Council. Since the 1950s France is one of the states participating in the creation of the European Union.
The location, grounds and landscape
Much of France is located in Western Europe, the mainland in the north-east borders with Belgium, Luxembourg and Germany, in the east - with Switzerland, in the south-east - with Monaco and Italy, south-west - with Spain and Andorra. France is washed by four water space (the Channel, the Atlantic Ocean, the North Sea and the Mediterranean Sea). In the west and north the country is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean (Bay of Biscay and English Channel), in the south - the Mediterranean Sea (Gulf of Lion and the Ligurian Sea). France is the largest country on the territory of Western Europe: it takes almost one fifth of the territory of the European Union and has extensive marine space.
The climate and the average temperature
The country's climate is characterized by sufficient gentleness and moderation without any sudden changes in temperature. Eastern regions of the mountains and upland areas are under the authority of the continental climate. In the southern part of the country, which is located in the Mediterranean area, subtropical climate prevails. It is characterized by relatively hot summers with little rainfall and mild winters with high humidity.
Flora and fauna
There are not very many forests in France and almost all the plains plowed. Preserved are broadleaf forests of oak, beech and chestnut trees. When raising the height of the mountains, they will be replaced by coniferous forests of spruce and pine, larch, fir and then higher already alpine meadows begin. In the Mediterranean grow shrubs, trees of the most typical olive and cork oak.
How best to get
"Ukraine International Airlines" and Air France operates daily direct flights Kiev - Paris - Kiev (travel time is about 3 hours 20 minutes).
Best time to visit
Climate of France is temperate maritime, in the east it is transition to continental, in Mediterranean - subtropical. The summer is rather hot (July-August +20 .. +25 ° C). The best time to visit Paris is the month of May and September-October, and for the French Riviera will be a favorable time June and Semtember. On Corsica it is traditionally very long and hot summer from May to October +21 .. +27 ° C, so the best months for rest periods will be from May to June and from September to October.
Popular tourist sites
Paris is the capital of France, the main cultural center of the whole country, which is noisy and chaotic city with millions of tourists from around the world. It is justly the most charming citiy in Europe, the real center of culture and art, as well as the most popular "tourist attraction" of the continent. Almost the entire city, from the historic center to the outskirts, you can safely assume, is one big open-air museum. Here are the world-famous Louvre Museum, the famous Notre Dame Cathedral Notre Dame de Paris, the most visited attraction of the planet - the Eiffel Tower, Montmartre with Sacre Coeur.