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Germany

  • Germany

 Germany (Bundesrepublik Deutschland)

Germany attracts millions of tourists with its interesting culture and history, many monuments of nature. Landscape of Rhine Valley with lots of vineyards, castles and monasteries of Bavaria, with its unique culture and beer, mountain resorts, foothills of the Alps, the picturesque foothills of the Black Forest and the Harz with their clean lakes and pretty forest, calm Baltic Sea coast, as well as beautiful landscapes in Saxony, modern Rhineland metropolis with their ancient temples and multiple museums - it is just visible, but such a prominent part of the country for foreigners.

In addition there are dozens of subethnic groups with their own culture, gastronomy and tradition, rich history and unique mentality, fully cultivated - but still very picturesque natural environment, beautiful rivers and ancient fortress and dozens of other reasons to visit this fascinating country. Main types of tourism in Germany are tours, Therapeutic Recreation, leisure and ski resorts.

General information

The location, grounds and landscape

Located in the heart of Europe, Germany is washed by the Baltic and North Seas. It borders with Denmark in the north, Poland and the Czech Republic in the east, Austria and Switzerland in the south, France, Luxembourg, Belgium and the Netherlands in the west.

The country’s territory is 357,021 km ².

The northern part of Germany is formed during the glacial period of lowland plain (North German Plain, the lowest point is Neuendorf-Saksenbande in Vilstermarshe, 3.54 m below sea level). In the central part of the country from the south to the lowlands adjoin forested foothills, and the south Alps begin (the highest point in Germany is Zugspitze mountain, 2962 meters). Within Germany flows a large number of rivers, the largest of which are the Rhine, Danube, Elbe, Weser and Oder rivers connected by channels, the most popular channel is Kiel, which connects the Baltic and North Seas. The largest lake in Germany is Constance, whose area is 540 square km, and the depth is 250 meters.

Population: over 81 million people.

Capital: Berlin (3.4 million inhabitants).

Biggest cities: Berlin, Hamburg, Munich, Cologne, Frankfurt am Main.

Language: The official language is German. Many Germans speak English.

Religion: predominantly Christians of various denominations.

Time zone: GMT +1.

Telephone code: +49.

Currency: Euro (EUR).

Credit card payment systems: Visa, MasterCard, American Express.

The climate and the average temperature

The weather has often fickle character. In the middle of the summer can be sunny and warm, but the next day can be cold and rainy. Really extreme events (severe droughts, tornadoes, storms, severe frost or heat) are relatively rare. It is also due to the fact that Germany is in the temperate zone, in the north of a maritime climate, the south becomes moderately continental. The average July temperature is from +16 to +22 degrees Celsius. The average January temperature is +2 to -5 degrees Celsius. The average annual temperature is + 5 + 10 degrees Celsius.

Flora and fauna

About 30% of the territory of Germany is covered by forests, concentrated mainly in the southern part of the country. About two-thirds of the forest - pine, one-third - deciduous, in which grow birch, beech, oak and walnut. Fauna of Germany is not very rich. The most common mammals are deer, wild boar, hare, wolf, fox, marten, badger. Among the few reptilesthere is an adder. A large number of migratory birds usually migrate through the country. In the coastal waters are found herring, cod, flounder, sea bass; in the rivers of the country - carp, trout, catfish.

How best to get

Ukrainian citizens can fly from Kiev to Frankfurt, Berlin, Düsseldorf, Hamburg, Cologne and Munich.  the By train to Berlin - from Kiev, Simferopol and Kharkiv. Also popular is bus service, but due to customs procedures such a trip can take up to 10 hours.

Regular flights of "Aeroflot" and Lufthansa fly to Berlin, Hamburg, Munich, Dusseldorf and Frankfurt, Hannover. There are direct flights from Moscow to Berlin with Miat Mongolian Airlines, Germanwings and Air Berlin. In Germany from Moscow you can also arrive by the international bus or train. Train Moscow - Berlin in winter walks on Mondays, Wednesdays and Saturdays (departure from the Belarusian railway station, the train goes through Minsk, Smolensk, it goes on the road 27 hours). The train Moscow - Cologne departs daily from the Belarusian railway station and goes through Smolensk, Warsaw, Magdeburg, Hannover, Dortmund and Dusseldorf (38 hours on the way).

Belarusians can get from Minsk to Frankfurt in about 2.5 hours, using the services of the airline Lufthansa. To Berlin, Hanover and Frankfurt flies Belavia. Plus, of course, in Germany from country go buses and trains.

Air Astana flies from Astana to Frankfurt and Hannover.

Best time to visit

Germany in the summer does not have to complain about the lack of tourists. There are several reasons: extensive excursion program, neat hotels for every taste and wealth, as well as many shops and shopping centers, where you can make a bargain. Finally, a beach holiday on the Baltic seaside with its mild climate, not hot, rural relaxation on the lakes of Bavaria and wellness facilities in Baden-Baden is the traditional place of rest and recreation for many tourists from around the world. It is also worth mentioning the quality education in Germany.

Winter Germany can boast with rich interesting excursion and sturdy ski programs. Local snow resorts offer a ride on a perfectly groomed routes thoroughly dine with variety of local delicacies, and then have some fun in the bars or disco. As for excursions, then this is no problem in Germany: castles, picturesque lakes and the city "with history" presented in a wide range.

Popular tourist sites

Bavaria is the biggest land of Germany, as well as the most visited by tourists. Due to the peculiar geographical location, cultural diversity, historical past Bavaria is considered as one of the best tourist areas not only in Germany but also throughout theEurope. This area is famous for the variety of nature - here is a unique National Park "Bavarian Forest", extend the famous Bavarian Alps, the set of the most picturesque lakes (Chiemsee, Starnberger See, Ammersee and the western part of Lake Constance), extensive alpine pastures, forests and numerous rivers.

Berlin is Germany's largest city, its capital and one of the independent federal lands, has the second largest population in Europe and the fifth - on the area. It is a city of great and tragic fate, endured in its history, a lot of great and bitter moments. It’s now one of the largest cultural, economic, scientific and transportation center of the planet. Its multi-ethnic population, lush nightlife (probably the best in Europe, and certainly the most liberal), a large number of festivals and holidays, a lot of world-class museums and relatively low prices attract many tourists.

Tours in the direction of: Germany

7 days

1 pers

Indiv.

★★★

avia
from € 1300
About the tour

8 days

1 pers

Indiv.

★★★

bus
from € 450
About the tour

8 days

1 pers

Groupp

★★★

bus
from € 400
About the tour