Great Britain (United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland)
The country, personifying both a long history and modern civilization, combines ancient traditions and unique monuments of architecture, with ultra-modern business centers and trendy cafes. Historical regions of Great Britain - England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland - are actually four different countries with their own peculiarities.
In England located the largest number of objects of cultural heritage. Here is situated London - a city rich with architectural monuments, theaters, nightlife, shopping, restaurants, museums and art galleries. Windsor, Oxford, Cambridge, York, Bath, Birmingham, Manchester, Liverpool - not a complete list of cities that must be visited in England. Another striking landmark of this area is Stonehenge, the most mysterious monument UK.
Scotland - mountains, lakes, heathland, bagpipes, traditional whiskey. Here you can see the corners of wildlife. Scotland is a paradise for bird watchers; on the islands established numerous seabird sanctuaries. Wales pleases tourists with a variety of landscape, castles and wonderful hospitality. About a fifth part of it has the status of a national park. Northern Ireland is not very rich by cultural attractions, but here you can see the unique natural monument - Giant's Causeway, which is included in the list of the World Heritage Foundation.
The location, grounds and landscape
The country's territory is 243 809 км².
Royal Observatory Greenwich in London is a place of passage of the prime meridian. In general, the United Kingdom is located between the northern latitudes of 49° and 61° and between 9° west and 2° east longitude.
England occupies hardly more than half of the United Kingdom, covering 130,395 square kilometers. Most of it consists of lowlands. Upland concentrated in the north (the Pennines) and northwest (Cumberland Mountains). Among the latest is located the highest peak in England - Skafell Pike (978 m). Longest rivers are the Thames, Severn and Humber.
Population: more than 63 million 395 thousand people.
Biggest cities: London,Manchester, Birmingham, Leeds, Glasgow, Liverpool.
Languages: English. Part of Irish, Welsh and Gaelic also use their own languages relating to the Celtic group. English has spread around the world largely due to the British Empire and became international language of business and the most common second studied language.
Credit card payment systems: Visa, MasterCard, American Express.