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Hungary

  • Hungary

Hungary (Magyarország)

On the European map there are few nations that have managed to preserve their cultural and natural heritage, despite dramatic historical events and difficult economic conditions. Modern Hungary is a vivid example. Here monuments of the Roman Empire era mingle with buildings from the Turkish rule, impregnable fortress of the Middle Ages with magnificent palaces of the Habsburg dynasty. More than 1,000-year-old culture of the Hungarian people, virgin nature, thousands of medical sources, masterpieces of architecture in Budapest, Balaton and Heviz resorts, excellent wines, unique cuisine, hospitable people and affordable travel service attract millions of tourists from around the world. Since 2004, Hungary is the EU member. Basic kinds of tourism in Hungary - rehabilitation and excursions.

General information

The location, grounds and landscape 

Hungary borders with Slovakia to the north, Ukraine - in the northeast, Romania - in the south-east, Croatia - in the south, Slovenia - in the southwest and Austria - to the west.

The country's territory is more than 93 thousand км²

Country has a predominantly plain relief. Most part of modern Hungary is located on the Pannonian plain. The western part of the plain (Dunantul) is dissected by numerous hills up to 300 m, the eastern (Alfeld) - has a flat low-lying terrain. North-west country is occupied by Kishalfeld lowland, bounded on the west with elevation Alpokalya, which is the foothills of the Alps with the height of 500-800 m. To the north of Lake Balaton stretched Middle Hungarian mountain plateau-like arrays with height of 400-700 m. Northern Hungary spread spurs of the Western Carpathians height up to 1000 m. Here (in Matra) is the highest point in Hungary - Kekes mountain (1014 m). In the mountains, on the border with Slovakia is situated one of the largest karst caves in Europe Agtelek with numerous underground rivers and lakes.

Population: more than 10 million people: Hungarians (Magyars) - 88%, Roma - 3%, Germans - 2.5%, Slovaks, Serbs, Croats, Romanians.

CapitalBudapest, about 2 million people.

Biggest cities: Budapest, Debrecen, Miskolc, Szeged, Győr.

Languages: Hungarian (official), also very widespread are German and Russian. English knows personnel of hotels and restaurants on the tourist routes and youth.

Religion: Christianity (Catholics - 67%, Protestants, mostly Lutherans and Calvinists - 25%), as well as Judaism.

Time zone+1 (CЕТ).

Calling code+36.

Currency: Hungarian Forint (HUF). 1.00 EUR ≅ 295 HUF, 1.00 USD ≅ 220 HUF. 1 forint = 100 fillers. Currently in circulation there are coins of 1, 2, 5, 10, 20, 50, and 100 forint banknotes: 200, 500,1000, 2000, 5000 and 10000 forints.

Credit card payment systemsVisa, MasterCard, American Express.

Tours in the direction of: Hungary