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Ireland

  • Ireland

Ireland (Republic of Ireland, Poblacht na hÉireann)   

A country in Northern Europe that occupies most of the island of Ireland. It has borders with the United Kingdom. The country's name comes from Irish Éire - state. Member of organizations: the Council of Europe (since 1949), the United Nations (1955), OECD (since 1960), the European Union (since 1973), Euratom (1973), the European Monetary System (1979).

Among European tourists Ireland has a long reputation as a great place for a vacation - thanks to its extensive tour and excursions, tasty beer, quite distinctive nature and impressive history. Country, home to the descendants of Celtic tribes, a land of wild nature, where along the coast inaccessible cliffs rise to colonies of birds. Ireland is full of historic attractions - medieval castles, the remains of ancient settlements, mysterious burials. Basic kinds of tourism in the country - excursions, beach holidays, ecotourism, recreation (diving, surfing).

General information

The location, grounds and landscape 

Ireland is located on the same island (third largest in Europe) in the northern part of the Atlantic Ocean. It is a western of the two largest of the British Isles. From the east it is washed by the Irish Sea and the Straits of St. George and The north, in the west, north and south - by the Atlantic Ocean. The length of the border with the United Kingdom - 360 km.

The country's territory is 70 273 км²

Internal part of Ireland occupies mostly swampy Central lowland, where there are main rivers and many lakes. The longest river in the country - Shannon (length - 350 km), the largest lake - Lough Neagh. At the north, south and west coast stretches low mountains (the highest point - mountain Carrauntoohil with height 1041 m situated in the south-west in the mountains of County Kerry). Along these same coasts many bays that cut into the mountains, forming a rocky shore. The largest bays of the country - Galway, Shannon, Dingle and Donegal in the west and Lough Foyle in the north. Not far from here there are small rocky islands.

Population: more than 4 million 580 thousand people.

CapitalDublin (Irsih Baile Átha Cliath), 506 thousand inhabitants.

Biggest cities: Dublin, Cork.

Languages: Irish and English.

Religion: predominates Christianity, among churches - the Catholic Church.

Time zone: UTC +0.

Calling code+353.

Currency: euro (EUR). 1 euro equal to 100 cents. In circulation are banknotes of 500, 200, 100, 50, 20, 10 and 5 euro coins in 2 and 1 euro and 50, 20, 10, 5, 2 and 1 cents.

Credit card payment systemsVisa, MasterCard, American Express.

Tours in the direction of: Ireland