Italy is located on the Apennine Peninsula in the center of the Mediterranean. The country stretches from north to south of about 1,300 km. It is a modern, business-like, merry, cheerful country. In order to understand and fall in love in this beatiful contry is not just enough to see its architectural monuments and art, it is necessary to "try it on taste": listen to music, walk around the streets, swim in the sea and enjoy traditional food and wine.
Italy - a country-museum, full of attractions, both natural and cultural-historical. This "cradle of civilization" gave the world - Galileo and Giordano Bruno, Leonardo da Vinci and Raphael, Verdi and Paganini, Sophia Loren and Marcello Mastroianni. Among the natural attractions include volcanoes, extinct and active, such as Etna, Vesuvius, Stromboli. It is hard to imagine without the characteristic scenery of Naples, Sicily, the Aeolian Islands. List the same cultural attractions of Italy is simply impossible. Each city - a real treasure that holds precious evidence of other eras. Basic kinds of tourism in Italy - excursions and recreation, beach holidays, shopping, leisure.
The location, grounds and landscape
Italy occupies Apennine Peninsula, which is surrounded by the water of five seas: the Mediterranean, the Ionian, the Ligurian, Tyrrhenian and Adriatic, creating a coastline of 7,500 km. Country also owns the island of Elba, Sardinia, Corsica, Sicily and the northern part of the continent, bordering with Austria and Switzerland. Area of Italy equals 301 square kilometers and includes two miniature independent states - Vatican City and San Marino. Italy is divided into 20 areas: Abruzzo, Veneto, Basilicata, Umbria, Calabria, Tuscany, Campania, Apulia, Emilia-Romagna, Piedmont, Lazio, Molise, Liguria, Umbria, Lombardy, Friuli-Venezia Giulia, Trentino-Alto Adige , Valle d'Aosta, Sardinia and Sicily.
The country's territory is 301 340 (including islands 309 547) km².
Italy - a country in southern Europe, in the center of the Mediterranean. It shares borders with France in the north-west, with Switzerland and Austria to the north and Slovenia in the north-east. Occupies Apennine Peninsula, the Po plain, the southern slopes of the Alps, Sicily, Sardinia, and a number of smaller islands. Italy - a predominantly mountainous country. In the north of Italy are located the southern slopes of the Alps with the highest point in Western Europe, Mont Blanc mountain (4808 m), to the south - Po Valley plain; on the peninsula - Apennine Mountains (highest point - Mount Corno Grande, 2,914 m). Active volcanoes in Italy - Mount Vesuvius, Etna, frequent earthquakes.
Population: more than 61 million 480 thousand people. Country ranks second in Europe after Germany by population exceeding 58 million people, most of them - the Italians - 94%.
Capital: Rome (Italian. Roma, 2.8 million people).
Biggest cities: Milan, Turin, Venice, Naples, Florence, Genoa, Bologna.
Languages: Official language - Italian. English and French understood almost everywhere in the hotels, restaurants, tourist offices. German language is understood primarily in resort areas in the north Adriatic and lakes. Russian language well understood by traders of souvenirs in the shops located in Rome, near the Colosseum and elsewhere.
Religion: In Italy dominate Catholics. No wonder that the center of Catholicism - the Vatican, which is led by Pope, is located in Rome.
Time zone: CET (UTC +1, in summer UTC +2).
Calling code: +39.
Currency: the official currency is the Euro. One Euro is equal to 100 cents. In the course of the denominations of 5, 10, 20, 50, 100, 500 Euro, coins in denominations of 1, 2 and Euro 1, 2, 5, 10, 20, 50 cents.
Credit card payment systems: in wide use credit cards and travelers checks. In the cities, many restaurants, hotels, shops and department stores are accepted cards Visa, American Express, Mastercard, Diner "s Club and Carte Blanche.