Latvia (the Republic of Latvia, Latvijas Republika)
A small country in the Baltic region of Northern Europe, one of the three Baltic states. It is bordered by Estonia, Lithuania, Russia, and Belarus, as well as a maritime border to the west with Sweden. Latvia has 2,070,371 inhabitants and a territory of 64,589 km2 (24,938 sq mi). The country has a temperate seasonal climate.
The location, grounds and landscape
Most of the country is occupied by plains and lowlands, surrounding low hills of the Vidzeme Upland (the highest point - Gaiziņkalns, 311 m). About 44% of the country is covered by forests. On the territory of Latvia stretches quite an extensive network of water - more than 3 thousand of lakes and 12 thousands of rivers providing good opportunities for active tourism.
The country's territory is 64 589 km².
Country in the north-eastern Europe, located on the eastern coast of the Baltic Sea. It has borders with Estonia, in the east - with Russia, in the south - with Belarus and Lithuania. On the west it is washed by the Baltic Sea. The total area of the country is 64,5 thousand km². Length of coastline - 531 km.
Population: more than 1.9 million. people, 83.6% of whom are Latvians. Population density - 26 people per 1 km², about 68% of the population lives in urban areas.
Capital: Riga (Latvian. Rīga, population - about 700 thousand people).
Biggest cities: Riga, Daugavpils, Ventspils, Liepaja, Jelgava, Jurmala.
Languages: Latvian (state status), in the tourism sector are widely used English, German and Swedish. In domestic sphere almost universally is also understood Russian.
Religion: majority of the population - Protestants (Lutherans) and Catholics, there is also a Russian Orthodox minority.
Time zone: CET (UTC +2, in summer UTC +3).
Calling code: +371.
Currency: EUR (Euro, €), equal to 100 cents. In circulation are banknotes in denominations of 5, 10, 20, 50, 100, 200 and 500 euro, coins of 1 and 2 euros, as well as 1, 2, 5, 10, 20 and 50 cents.
Credit card payment systems: in almost all hotels, restaurants and large stores in Latvia it is possible to pay with credit cards. ATMs are also distributed widely enough..