Montenegro (Crna Gora)
Country in south-eastern Europe, on the Adriatic coast of the Balkan peninsula. The name comes from the toponym Crna Gora, which means, in spite of "obvious", "dark (pine) forest." Until June 2006, it was part of the confederal State Union of Serbia and Montenegro, occupying 13.5% of its total territory. Complete independence Montenegro declared June 3, 2006. In 2010, acquired the official status of candidate country for EU membership.
Stormy history of Montenegro has made a significant contribution to its modern look: a small coastal and mountain towns, old forts, churches and monasteries - all of this is a rich cultural and historical heritage of a small country. Montenegro - also has miles of diverse beaches on the clear blue Adriatic sea. In Montenegro, there are natural conditions for practicing certain types of extreme tourism: rafting, canyoning, trekking (hiking), climbing, caving and paragliding. Basic kinds of tourism in the country - excursions, beach holidays, ecotourism, extreme rest.
The location, grounds and landscape
Washed by the Adriatic Sea, has landborder with Croatia to the west, Bosnia and Herzegovina - in the northwest, Serbia - in the northeast, partially recognized Republic of Kosovo - in the east and Albania to the southeast.
The country's territory is 13 812 km².
In the north, north-east of the rivers Piva, Komarnica and Moraca is located area of high mountains. In the highlands can be identified 4 major mountain ranges: Visitor, Durmitor and Komova (they form Dinarian Highlands) and Prokletije (Cursed Mountains). Peak height reaches more than 2,000 m above sea level. The highest point in Montenegro - Mountain Bobotov Kuk (2,522 m) is situated in Durmitor massif. In the highland pastures and forests are located, numerous mountain lakes. Tara River Canyon - the largest in Europe and second in the world, it reaches a depth of 1300 m. In this region also located two national parks - "Biogradska Gora" and "Durmitor".
Population: about 620 thousand people.
Capital: Podgorica (136 thousand inhabitants)
Biggest cities: Podgorica, Niksic, Pljevlja, Bijelo Polje, Herceg Novi, Berane, Cetinje, Budva.
Languages: Montenegro (Roman alphabet dialect of the Serbian language, alphabet are used equally Cyrillic and Latin). In Montenegro, many speak Russian and in English can only be explained in the main tourist centers.
Religion: Orthodox Christianity - 74.24%, Islam - 17.74%, Catholicism - 3.54%.
Time zone: UTC +1.
Calling code: +382.
Currency: euro (EUR). In circulation coins of 1, 2, 5, 10, 20, 50 euro cents, 1 and 2 euro; banknotes of 5, 10, 20, 50, 100, 200, 500 euros.
Credit card payment systems: Visa, MasterCard, American Express.