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Norway

  • Norway

Norway (Kongeriket Norge) 

A country in Northern Europe, located in the western part of the Scandinavian Peninsula and adjacent to the huge number of small islands of the Scandinavian Peninsula, as well as Spitsbergen (Svalbard), Jan Mayen and Bear Island in the Arctic Ocean. A dependent territory of Norway is Bouvet Island in the South Atlantic Ocean. The country's name comes from the Old Norse word Norðrvegr meaning «way to the north." The coastline of this wonderful country, rugged by narrow and deep bays into the land - fjords, are considered the mecca for many Scandinavian tourists. Basic kinds of tourism in Norway - excursions, medical and health tourism, eco-tourism, active leisure.

General information

The location, grounds and landscape 

Norway borders with three countries: Sweden - in the east, with Finland and Russia - in the north-east. The country is washed by the Barents Sea - in the north-east, the Norwegian Sea - in the west and the North Sea - in the south-west.

The country's territory is 385 186 km². 

The whole country is very mountainous; it forms a vast plateau, consisting of gneiss, granite and other entities; in the eastern part of it is cut up by large valleys, and in the west and north - deep jutting out into land sea fjords. In many places, the mountains are rounded, and scenery is mostly the form of a large undulating plateau on which valleys and bays seem insignificant cracks. Of the entire area occupied country, 39,000 km ² lie 1000 m above sea level, 91 000 square kilometers - at an altitude of 500 to 1000 m. Average height above the sea surface of the whole space of Norway reaches about 490 m. Due to all this - the amount of processed or generally suitable for agricultural land represents a very small proportion of the whole space: only 2,400 km ² is occupied by pastures. 235 000 square kilometers occupy the uninhabited mountains, swamps, and so on, and 7,000 square kilometers - glaciers.

Population: more than 5 million 50 thousand people.

CapitalOslo, with a population of 624 thousand people.

Biggest cities: Oslo, Bergen, Stavanger, Trondheim.

Languages: Norwegian (Bokmål and Nynorsk), at the local level - the Sami.

Religion: Evangelical Lutheran Church is the state religion of Norway (82.7% of the population belong to the State Church of Norway (Norwegian Den norske kirke). 8,6% of the population belong to other faiths and doctrines (Islam 1.69% of the population, 11% ещ the Roman Catholic Church and the Pentecostal Movement of Norway 0.86%).

Time zone: CET (UTC +1, in summer UTC +2).

Calling code: +47. 

Currency: Norwegian Krone (NOK) equals 100 era. In use coins in denominations of 10 (discontinued) and 50 era, 1, 5, 10 and 20 crowns and banknotes in denominations of 50, 100, 200, 500 and 1000 euros. Rates 1.00 USD ≅ 6.00 NOK, 1.00 EUR ≅ 8.17 NOK.

Credit card payment systemsVisa, MasterCard, American Express.

Tours in the direction of: Norway