ENRUUA

Poland

  • Poland

Poland (Rzeczpospolita Polska) 

A country in Central Europe with a population over 38.5 million people. Since March 12, 1999 it is a member of NATO, since May 1, 2004 - member of the European Union. On 21 Dec. 2007 Poland was included into the Schengen area. In the official name of the country it is used not modern Polish word «republika» (Republic), but outdated - «rzeczpospolita», which is a literal translation into Polish from Latin term «rēs rūblisa" (public matter).

For many tourists Poland offers enough diverse vacation. These include exciting excursions with a tour of the cultural and natural attractions, skiing, mountain vacation, holidays on the lakes and on the Baltic coast; also highly developed is a segment of outdoor activities - different extreme services are offered, including sailing, hiking, rafting and various wellness programs.

Poland is also rich with its historical monuments. 13 sites on its territory are listed in the UNESCO World Heritage List. Worth a visit not only large cities (Warsaw, Krakow, Poznan, Wroclaw, Lodz), but also small, such as Torun, the birthplace of Nicolaus Copernicus, Malbork, the former capital of the Crusaders, Czestochowa, a place of pilgrimage for Catholics from around the world, and many others. Basic kinds of tourism in the country - excursions and rehabilitation, beach recreation, ecotourism, active leisure.

General information

The location, grounds and landscape 

In the north it is washed by the Baltic Sea; in the west borders with Germany, in the south-west with Czech Republic, in the south - Slovakia, in the south-east with Ukraine, Belarus in the east, to the north-east with Lithuania and Russia (Kaliningrad region). Also through economic zone in the Baltic Sea Poland borders with areas of Denmark and Sweden.

The country's territory is 312 679 km². 

Approximately 2/3 territory in the north and center of the country is occupied by the Polish Lowland. In the north - Baltic Ridge, in the south and south-east - Malopolska and Lublin Upland, along the southern border - Carpathian Mountains (highest point 2,499 m, Mount Rysy in the Tatra Mountains), and Sudeten. Major rivers - Wisla, Odra; very dense river network through the country. The lakes are mainly in the north. Under forests are 28% of the area.

Population: more than 38 million 380 thousand people.

Capital: Warsaw (Polish. Warszawa, 1.8 million inhabitants).

Biggest cities: Warsaw, Lodz, Krakow, Wroclaw, Poznan, Gdansk, Szczecin, Bydgoszcz, Lublin, Katowice.

Languages: Polish. English, German and Russian languages ​​are among the most well-known foreign languages​​, especially in large urban centers.

Religion: the most influential religion in the country is Christianity (Roman Catholicism) (from 75 to 95 percent of the population). Also there are representatives of several other denominations: Orthodox, Lutheran, Greek Catholics, Calvinists and Jews, Jehovah's Witnesses.

Time zone: UTC +1 (winter), UTC +2 (summer).

Calling code: +48. 

Currency: Polish Zloty (PLN), consists of 100 groszy. Rates 1.00 USD ≅ 3.03 PLN, 1.00 EUR ≅ 4.11 PLN. In circulation are banknotes in denominations of 10, 20, 50, 100 and 200 zloty, and coins - 1, 2, 5, 10, 20, 50 groszy and 1, 2, 5 zlotys.

Credit card payment systemsVisa, MasterCard, American Express.

Tours in the direction of: Poland