Sweden (Konungariket Sverige)
A country in Northern Europe on the Scandinavian Peninsula. The country's name comes from Old Scandinavian Svea and Rige - "sveev state". Member of the UN, the European Union from 1 January 1995, a signatory to the Schengen Agreement. Basic kinds of tourism in the country - excursions, ecotourism, fishing, recreation (skiing, snowboarding).
The location, grounds and landscape
Sweden - a country in Northern Europe, located in the eastern and southern part of the Scandinavian Peninsula. In the west, Sweden borders with Norway (border length 1,619 km), in the north-east - with Finland (614 km), and to the east and south it is washed by the waters of the Baltic Sea and the Gulf of Bothnia. In the south of the Øresund Strait, Kattegat and Skagerrak separates Sweden from Denmark. As part of Sweden includes two large islands in the Baltic Sea - Gotland and Öland.
The country's territory is 449 964 км².
In Sweden, there are two major natural regions - north and south. In the relief of the north and west predominate plains and mountains, along the border with Norway stretching Scandinavian mountains, with highest mountain Kebnekaise 2123 m. Between the Scandinavian Mountains and the Gulf of Bothnia in the Baltic Sea are Norland highlands, swedish lowlands and uplands Småland. Southern peninsula of Skåne is more flat.
Population: more than 9 million 720 thousand people.
Capital: Stockholm, population - 870 thousand people
Biggest cities: Stockholm, Gothenburg, Malmö, Uppsala.
Languages: Swedish, the majority of the population sufficiently proficient in the English language.
Religion: the majority of believers (or 70% of the population) belong to the Church of Sweden - Lutheran Church. In Sweden, there are between 250 to 450 thousand Muslims have appeared as a result of immigration, and more than 18 thousand Jews. In the country there are also Catholics and Baptists. Part Sami confesses animism.
Time zone: UTC +1 (UTC +2 in summer).
Calling code: +46.
Currency: Swedish Krona (SEK), 1.00 USD ≅ 6.63 SEK, 1.00 EUR ≅ 9.06 SEK.
Credit card payment systems: Visa, MasterCard, American Express.