Island country in the West Indies in the group of the Lesser Antilles in the eastern Caribbean Sea. Located relatively close to the South American continent, in the 434.5 km north-east of Venezuela. Barbados - a distant mysterious island that is located in the Caribbean. Although it has a fairly small size (34 km long and 23 km wide) Barbados is capable enough to offer tourists a variety of recreational activities: the western and southern part perfectly suited for a comfortable beach holiday, diving, snorkeling, sailing, parasailing and fishing, Southeast - more windsurfing, East - for surfing, and northern and central - for ecotourism. In addition, Barbados offers a variety of excursions, including trips to the fascinating old English fortification, mansions, sugar plantations and rum distilleries, traveling along the coastline of the island, explore the island by helicopter and cruises. Basic kinds of tourism in the country - excursions, beach holidays, ecotourism, recreation (diving, surfing, windsurfing).
The location, grounds and landscape
State of Barbados is located on the eponymous coral island, which is part of the Lesser Antilles, lying on the eastern border of the Caribbean Sea. It is the easternmost island of the group. On the west it is washed by the waters of the Caribbean Sea, and from the east - by the Atlantic Ocean. Most proximal to the Barbados Islands in the West - Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, in the north-west - St. Lucia and Martinique, and the south-west - Grenada and Trinidad and Tobago.
The country's territory is 431 km².
The island of Barbados represents by itself a top of an underwater ridge, covered with coral deposits. The relief of the island is mostly flat, in the the central part stretches hilly terrain. Maximum mark of Barbados - Mount Hillaby (336 m). The island is characterized by karst topography, since its surface is composed of limestone. Karst formations are formed by the erosion of limestone by rainwater and underground sources. Along the west coast of the island stretching sandy beaches, and on the east coast is dominated by rocky shores. The island is surrounded by coral reefs.
Population: about 285 thousand people.
Capital: Bridgetown, with the population of 98 thousand people
Biggest cities: Bridgetown.
Languages: official English, but in everyday life Barbadians speak the local version of English - "bajan" (a mixture of English, Spanish and Creole words).
Religion: 67% of the population - the adherents of Protestantism (mostly Anglicans), 4% of the population are Roman Catholic, 12% are followers of Islam, Judaism and Hinduism. 17% of population anemd them as atheists.
Time zone: UTC -4.
Calling code: +1-246.
Currency: Barbadian dollar (BBD). Rates 1.00 USD ≅ 2.0 BBD, 1.00 EUR ≅ 1392.98 BBD.
Credit card payment systems: Visa, MasterCard, American Express.