Guatemala, República de Guatemala
Country in Central America. The largest in terms of population of the Central American republics. Colorful, exotic country, which was one of the centers of the Mayan civilization. Amazing Guatemala allows all visitors to enjoy the extraordinary beauty of the local nature and important monuments of antiquity. The country will provide an opportunity to meet real Indians to participate in the mystical shamanic rituals, see the descendants of the legendary Mayan villages, as well as learn more about the local customs. Basic kinds of tourism in the country - excursions, beach holidays, ecotourism, leisure (surfing).
The location, grounds and landscape
Guatemala borders with Belize, El Salvador, Honduras and Mexico. Washed by two oceans: the Pacific (ports Quetzal and San Jose) and the Atlantic (Caribbean ports of Puerto Barrios and Santo Tomas de Castilla).
The country's territory is 108 889 km².
More than half of Guatemala's territory belongs to the Cordillera mountain belt, represented by volcanic highlands of the Sierra Madre with the highest peak in Central America - Tajumulco volcano (4220 m) and fold-block plateau with ridges of the Sierra de los Kuchumatanes and the Sierra de las Minas, carry-over to the north in the karst lowlands of Alta Verapaz, dipping to a low plateau Peten. On the part of Belize to Guatemala go low mountains Maya. Pacific Coast occupied lowland alluvial plain.
Population: more than 14 million 370 thousand people.
Capital: Guatemala (Spanish. "La Nueva Guatemala de la Asunción", 1 million inhabitants).
Biggest cities: Guatemala City, Mixco.
Languages: Spanish is the official language. The descendants of the Maya and today speak Indian dialects.
Religion: the majority of Guatemalans - Catholics. The indigenous population adheres to ancient religions.
Time zone: GMT -6.
Calling code: +502.
Currency: Quetzal (GTQ), 1 Quetzal is equal to 100 centavos. In circulation are banknotes of 500, 200, 100, 50, 20 and 10 Quetzal and coins in 50, 20, 10 and 5 centavos. Rate 1.00 USD ≅ 7.86 GTQ, 1.00 EUR ≅ 10.67 GTQ.
Credit card payment systems: Visa, MasterCard, American Express.