The island country within the British Commonwealth in the West Indies. The name comes from the Indian word distorted "haymaka" (Arawak. Xaymaca), which literally means "island of springs" or "land of sources." August 6, 1962 Jamaica declared independence from Britain within the Commonwealth of Nations. Capital and largest city of the country is Kingston. Basic kinds of tourism in the country - excursions, beach holidays, leisure (surfing, scuba diving, rafting).
The location, grounds and landscape
In the north-western borders with territorial waters of Cuba, on the east by the territorial waters of Haiti, on the south by the territorial waters of Colombia.
The country's territory is 10 991 km².
Jamaica is the third largest island in the group of the Greater Antilles. The main island is located between 17° - 19° N and 76° - 79° west longitude, 145 km south of Cuba, in the 160-190 km west of Haiti, 290 kilometers south-east of the Cayman Islands. The nearest point of the continent - Cape Gracias a Dios (Nicaragua) - located 630 km to the southwest. When The length of the island from west to east for 225 km from north to south - from 35 to 82 km has an area of 10,991 km². The coastline is 1,022 km.
Population: more than 2 million 860 thousand people.
Capital: Kingston (about 580 thousand inhabitants).
Biggest cities: Kingston, Spanish Town, Portmore, Montego Bay.
Religion: 61% of the island believers - Protestants, and the rest - the adherents of different religious faiths and Catholics.
Time zone: UTC -5.
Calling code: +1-876.
Currency: Jamaican Dollar (JMD), rate of 1.00 USD ≅ 102.93 JMD, 1.00 EUR ≅ 139.85 JMD.
Credit card payment systems: Visa, MasterCard, American Express.