A federal state, which is located in North America, is one of the biggest countries in the world, only second by total area after Russia. Canada is an economically developed country, one of the ten most developed countries of the world. This is one of the most stable and safe countries of our planet, a member of the UN, NATO - since 1949, and others. Canada is so vast and diverse in its sights that one tourist trip will be unlikely not enough to explore this fascinating country.
The country has an incredibly great interest for tourism. Popular Niagara Falls - the most powerful waterfall in the world, falling from 50 meters in height. Very interesting will be visiting two of the oldest cities in the country - Montreal and Quebec, where there are many buildings of 17-19 centuries, and Notre Dame Cathedral in Montreal, no less famous than his French counterpart. Canada's ski resorts are well-known to many fans for extreme thanks to the excellent quality and variety of slopes. Rather unique and nature of the country: for tourism in Canada is interesting national parks. Basic kinds of tourism in Canada - tours, ecotourism, many kinds of outdoor activities, Arctic tours and cruises.
The location, grounds and landscape
Canada occupies most of northern North America, consists of 10 provinces and 3 territories. It is washed by the Atlantic, Pacific and Arctic Oceans, borders with the United States to the south and north-west, also has maritime borders with Denmark (Greenland) to the north-east and France (Saint-Pierre and Miquelon) to the east. Border of Canada and the United States is the most extensive common border in the world.
The country's territory is 9 984 670 km ².
As for relief, main part of the country is occupied by plains and prairies plateau of the Canadian Shield. To the west of the continental prairie located British Columbia lowland and the Rocky Mountains, the Appalachians rise from the south from Quebec to the Maritime Provinces. On the south Canada borders with the United States, to the north, due to its northernmost islands lie 800 km the Arctic Circle. Canada has a number of islands - Baffin Island, Victoria, Ellesmere, Devon, Banks, Newfoundland, and others. Highest point - the city of Logan in the north-west (5951 m.).
Population: more than 34 million 550 thousand people. Immigrants from the British Isles - 28%, from France - 27%, immigrants from other European countries - 15%, American Indians - 2% (Canada is home to about 600 different tribes), natives of Asia and Africa - about 6%, others.
Capital: Ottawa with the population of 880 thousand people.
Biggest cities: Toronto, Montreal, Vancouver, Calgary.
Languages: English and French (both national languages).
Religion: majority of Canadians are Christian, 54.2% - Roman Catholic, followed by Protestant - 42%, Orthodox - 3%. In the country there are many Jews, Muslims, Hindus, people professing Sikhism and Buddhism.
Time zone: UTC -3.5...-8. The country has six time zones.
Calling code: +1.
Currency: Canadian Dollar (CAD), consists of 100 cents. Rates 1.00 USD ≅ 1.09 CAD, 1.00 EUR ≅ 1.48 CAD.
Credit card payment systems: Visa, MasterCard, American Express.