Mexico (United Mexican States, Estados Unidos Mexicanos)
A country in North America, bordering to the north with the United States, in the south-east - with Belize and Guatemala, on the west by the Gulf of California and the Pacific Ocean to the east - the Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean Sea. Mexico - is the embodiment of near-perfect areas of tourism: you will remember travelling here for many years, because it will not only meet the high expectations of travelers, but also can even extremely impress by quite unexpected discoveries. This is an amazing country with a thousand-year history that boasts stunning cultural and spiritual heritage.
Ancient cities of once powerful civilizations (Mayan, Aztec, Olmec), very unique culture that combines unique traditions of many regions of the country, beautiful beaches, bright tropical nature, original and internationally popular cuisine, as well as exciting tours to suit all tastes - these are main advantages that make Mexico a dream for any tourist. Basic kinds of tourism in Mexico - excursions, beach holidays, outdoor activities (diving, surfing).
The location, grounds and landscape
Being located in North America, Mexico is a large part of Central America. In terms of physical geography, the area east of the Isthmus of Tehuantepec, including the Yucatan Peninsula, located in Central America; in terms of geology Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt separates the northern region of the country. However, geopolitically Mexico is considered the North American country. In the north of Mexico borders the United States (3141 km length of the border). To the east of the city of Ciudad Juarez to the Gulf of Mexico border runs along the winding Rio Grande. Several natural and man-made markers define the border with the United States west of Ciudad Juárez to the Pacific Ocean. In the south, Mexico borders with Guatemala (871 km) and Belize (251 km).
The country's territory is 1 972 550 km².
The country is crossed from north to south by two mountain ranges: the Sierra Madre Oriental and Sierra Madre Occidental, which are the extension of the Rocky Mountains of North America. From east to west at the center of the country passes the Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt, known as the Sierra Nevada. The fourth mountain range of the Sierra Madre South is located between the states of Michoacan and Oaxaca. Much of the central Mexico and northern territories are located at high altitudes. The highest mountains are in the Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt: the peak of Orizaba (5,700 m), Popocatépetl (5462 m), Iztaccihuatl (Iztaccíhuatl) (5286 m) and the Nevado de Toluca (4577 m). Three major urban agglomerations are located in the valleys between these four elevations: Toluca de Lerdo, Mexico City and Puebla de Zaragoza.
Population: more than 116 million 200 thousand people.
Capital: Mexico City (Spanish. Ciudad de México), the population of 8.8 million people.
Biggest cities: Mexico City, Guadalajara, Monterrey, Puebla.
Religion: Catholic 76.5%, Protestant 4.9% (including - Pentecostal Assemblies of God 1.4%), 3.1% are atheists, Jehovah's Witnesses 1.91%, 13.8% undecided, other religions 0.3 %.
Time zone: GMT -6… -8.
Calling code: +52.
Currency: Mexican Peso (MXN), equal to 100 centavos (cents). In circulation are banknotes in denominations of 500, 200, 100, 50, 20 and 10 pesos and coins in 50, 20, 10 and 5 centavos. Rates 1.00 USD ≅ 13.11 MXN, 1.00 EUR ≅ 17.81 MXN.
Credit card payment systems: Visa, MasterCard, American Express.