Brazil (República Federativa do Brasil)
The largest counrty by area and population in South America and the only Portuguese-speaking on the American continents. The fifth largest country in the world by area and population. Occupies the eastern and central part of the continent. Brazil is a true tourist destination in all of South America, a very original and quite contrasting country.
Colorful tropical forests coexist here with mighty mountains and the wild jungle - with beautiful beaches and roaring waterfalls - a quiet and comfortable ocean bays. Except for, perhaps, the main pride - football and the famous beaches of the Atlantic coast of Brazil - there are multiple coffee plantations and virgin jungle of the Amazon, home to numerous Indian tribes. But above all, this is a country of bright carnival, the most spectacular show in the world. Basic kinds of tourism in the country - excursions, beach holidays, ecotourism, safari, scuba diving.
The location, grounds and landscape
The greatest length from north to south and 4,320 km from east to west 4328 km. It shares borders with all the countries of South America except Chile and Ecuador: French Guiana, Suriname, Guyana, Venezuela to the north, Colombia to the north-west, Peru and Bolivia to the west, Paraguay and Argentina to the south-west and in the south by Uruguay. From the east is washed by the Atlantic Ocean, the coastline - 7.4 thousand. Km. The structure of Brazil also includes several archipelagos, in particular, Fernando de Noronha, Rocas, San Pedro and Sao Paulo, and Trindade and Martin you.
The country's territory is 8 514 877 km².
The main features of geography are the Amazon basin and the Brazilian Highlands, or plateau. Plateau occupies most of the south-eastern half of the country. Height of the plateau from 300 to 900 meters, in many places it is crossed by river valleys and low mountain ranges. The main mountain ranges of the Brazilian plateau - Sierra da Mantiqueira, Sierra do Mar and Sierra Zheral. Their height is typically less than 1200 meters, but some of the peaks rise to a height of over 2,200 meters (Pico da Bandeira - 2890 meters). The largest rivers - the Amazon, Madeira, Tapajós, Rio Negro, Parnaíba, Uruguay.
Population: more than 200 million people.
Capital: Brasilia ( more than 2.6 million inhabitants).
Biggest cities: Sao Paulo, Rio de Janeiro, Salvador, Belo Horizonte, Fortaleza, Brasilia.
Languages: Portuguese (Brazilian Portuguese).
Religion: majority of the inhabitants belong to the Roman Catholic Church. By number of Protestants (approx. 3 million.), Brazil ranks first in South America, many residents of African descent still profess syncretic and animistic cults.
Time zone: GMT -2..-4.
Calling code: +55.
Currency: Real (code BRL), rate 1.00 USD ≅ 2.23 BRL, 1.00 EUR ≅ 3.03 BRL. There are banknotes in denominations of 1, 5, 10, 50, 100 reais and coins - 1 real, 1, 5, 10, 50 centavos.
Credit card payment systems: Visa, MasterCard, American Express.