Colombia (República de Colombia)
Country loacated in the north-western South America. It shares borders with Brazil and Venezuela to the east, in the south - with Ecuador and Peru to the west - with Panama. Colombia - a beautiful Andes mountains, endless opportunities for ecotourism, a whole bunch of natural attractions, and studied ancient Indian city, as well as chic coastal resorts. All who have been in Colombia, will remember the contrast Bogota, fashionable beach resort of Santa Marta, or Cartagena, with its colonial facades and patios. Basic kinds of tourism in the country - excursions, eco-tourism, beach holidays, entertainment (diving, surfing).
The location, grounds and landscape
Colombia is located in the northwestern part of South America near the equator. It is the only country in South America, which has access to the two oceans. In addition to the mainland of the island belongs to Colombia Gorgon Gorgonilya and Malpelo in the Pacific Ocean and the archipelago of San Andres and Providencia in the Caribbean Sea. In the east country borders with Venezuela, in the south-east - with Brazil, in the south - with Ecuador and Peru, in the north-west - with Panama. From the north Columbia is washed bythe Caribbean Sea, in the west - the Pacific Ocean.
The country's territory is 1 141 748 km².
In the western part of of Colombia the mountain range of the Andes (Andean Cordillera): Western, Central and Eastern Cordillera with majestic volcanic peaks. In these areas, often Earthquakes. Andean ridges separated by deep intermontane basins in which large rivers flow as the Atrato, Cauca and Magdalena (the largest river in the country, length - 1550 km). The heights of the Western Cordillera reach 3700 m, Central Cordillera - 5700 m and the Cordillera Oriental - 5500 m. In Cordillera Central are several volcanoes, the highest point of the ridge - an extinct volcano Nevado del Huila (5750 m), and Ruiz volcano (5400 m). Valley of Eastern Cordillera - the most populated part of the country. From the north-west to the Colombian territory from Central America come the mountain of the Cordillera del Chocó. In the north of the country near the Caribbean coast is an isolated mountain range of the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta, within which is the highest point in Columbia - Mount Cristobal Colon (5800 m). A little further north on the peninsula of La Guajira extends hilly arid plateau.
Along the Pacific coast stretches a band of plains and on the Caribbean coast stretches marshy lowlands ("Cienaga"). Caribbean coast busy sandy beaches and the Pacific Ocean coast is replete with many lagoons, whose shores are covered with mangroves. To the east of the Andes extends plateau, which gradually descends to the valleys of the Amazon and Orinoco. Swampy plains, through which flows the tributaries of the Amazon, take third in the country.
Population: more than 45 million 745 thousand people.
Capital: Bogotá, more than 7.3 million inhabitants.
Biggest cities: Bogota, Medellin.
Languages: the official language - Spanish, in various parts of the country speaking different dialects of Spanish. Some Indians still speak their native languages. In the business community as a second language is English, English is also is widespread in the Caribbean and the Pacific, belonging to Colombia.
Religion: majority of the population (about 95%) - Christians, mostly Roman Catholics (90%). Also living in the country Muslims, Hindus, Buddhists, Jews and followers of local tribal beliefs.
Time zone: GMT -5.
Calling code: +57.
Currency: Colombian Peso (COP). Rates 1.00 USD ≅ 1928.00 COP, 1.00 EUR ≅ 2619.56 COP. 1 peso = 100 centavos. In circulation are banknotes of 1000, 2000, 5000, 10000, 20000 and 50000 pesos and coins in 1000, 500, 200, 100, 50 and 20 pesos.
Credit card payment systems: Visa, MasterCard, American Express.