Ecuador (spainsh República del Ecuador, Quechuan Ikwadur Republika)
Country loacated in the north-western South America. The country's name in Spanish means "equator". On the west Ecuador is washed by the Pacific Ocean Ecuador, on the north borders with Colombia, on the east and south - with Peru. The structure also includes the Galapagos Islands of Ecuador. Ecuador is known for its volcanoes, among them - the highest active volcano in the world - Cotopaxi, mangroves and tropical forests, but the main attraction of the country - is, of course, Galapagos Islands. Once here spent his invaluable for science researches, Charles Darwin. Now everyone can visit this unique archipelago, which in isolation preserved the most incredible plant and animal species. Basic kinds of tourism in the country - excursions, eco-tourism, beach holidays, scuba diving.
The location, grounds and landscape
Ecuador is located in South America. 24 km north of the capital Quito passes the equator, hence country got its name. Area of Ecuador is more than 280 thousand km². To the west it is washed by the waters of the Pacific Ocean, on the north borders with Colombia, and on the east and the south with Peru.
The country's territory is 283 560 km².
Western part of the coastal Ecuador occupy lowlands, in the central part is a mountainous region of Sierra with high Andes. Andes consist of two ridges extending meridian, between which the intermountain basin. As part of the mountain ranges - about 20 active volcanoes. The highest point of Ecuador - Chimborazo volcano (6310 m), which is considered extinct. Also known volcanoes Pichincha (near the capital of the country - Quito), Cayambe (5,790 m), and destructive Ilinisa Cotopaxi (5897m) and Sangay. The most active volcano is considered Sumako (3732 m) in the north eastern Andes.
Population: more than 15 million 440 thousand people.
Capital: Quito (Spanish. San Francisco de Quito, population 1.8 million).
Biggest cities: Quito, Guayaquil.
Languages: Spanish and Indian languages (mostly Quechua).
Religion: majority believing population - Catholics (98%), about 1% - Protestants, and many Indians profess the ancient religion of the Incas and animist cults.
Time zone: GMT -5.
Calling code: +593.
Currency: US dollar its small coins; Ecuadorian sucre (up to 2000). Rates 1.00 USD ≅ 1023.49 KRW, 1.00 EUR ≅ 1392.98 KRW.
Credit card payment systems: Visa, MasterCard, American Express.